Research Proposals

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

Without reservation, the effective teaching and learning of Biology in secondary schools with the use of instructional materials is very necessary if Biology teachers must gainfully achieve the educational goals.

 

Human Biology instructional materials comprise all human being or resourceful individuals who in one way or the other aid effective utilization of materials instructional materials in Biology. These human instructional materials include teachers, learners, instructional materials, laboratory assistant and technologists, together with other non-professional personnel (Okoli and Osuafor 2016).

 

On the other hand, materials instructional materials and facilities also known as instructional facilities, teaching aids and instructional media are those material available to the teacher for teaching and learning.

Ihaurulam (2018) observed that there are inadequate instructional materials for teaching and learning of science subjects in many public secondary schools in Nigeria. He further stated that where there are little facilities available, most of the available instructional materials are not in good condition. That is majority of the available instructional materials are not functional.

 

According to Ibe (2016) instructional materials could be classified into the following categories. Visual materials, audio materials, audio-visual materials, printed materials, non-printed materials, and projected materials. Instructional materials in the classroom can be classified into those that appeal to the sense of sight. (visual instructional materials) and those which appeal to the sense of learning (audio Instructional materials).

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS UTILIZATION AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Instructional materials utilization makes a lesson more interesting and memorable experience not only for the learners but the teacher as well. They play a vibrant role in focusing the attention of individual students towards the teacher or the topic.

 

Human beings have five senses which are doorways for effective learning. Especially, seeing, hearing and touching which bring maximum knowledge for the individual. Research has shown that people remember 10% of what they hear, 10% of what they read and 80% of what they do. Therefore, the aim of this research work is to examine instructional materials utilization and students’ academic performance in Biology.

 

Statement of the Problem

Biology remains one of the core science subject offered in Senior Secondary Schools by science students. However, performance of students in this subject both in internal and external examinations has not been very impressive. Many workers and stakeholders have related this poor performance on a number of factors including non utilization of teaching aids by the teachers.

It is on this premise that the study is being carried out to determine the influence of instructional materials utilization on Academic Performance of Biology Students.

 

Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to examine instructional materials utilization and students’ Academic Performance in Biology in secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.

Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. Access the difference in academic Performance of Biology students taught using instructional materials and those taught without using instructional materials.
  2. Determine the difference in academic Performance of male and female Biology students taught using instructional materials.

 

Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant difference in academic Performance of students taught Biology using instructional materials and those taught without instructional materials.
  2. There is no significant difference in academic Performance of male and female Biology students taught using instructional materials.

 

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be of great benefit in the following ways; it will enhance the learning processes of the students and thereby improve on their overall academic achievement. It will increase the motivation of the students, add clarity to the topics taught and make learning more interesting.

The study will help to sensitize teacher and staff of Secondary Schools. Who teach biology of the important roles in promoting the application of instructional materials in teaching and learning. This is because it will provide a basis for them. To understand the need for their complimentary roles in encouraging and supporting the application of instructional materials.

 

Limitation of the Study

Time Constraint: The period of the time given for the completion of the study was not sufficient. Based on the fact that the researcher had other school activities to carry out as at the time of the study.

Poor road network: Most of the schools visited by the researcher were located in the rural areas

 

Operational Definition of Terms

Instructional Materials: These refer to those materials that could be used by teachers and students in the teaching and learning situation in order to achieve the educational goals.

Utilization: It is the process of putting things to use.

Gender: This is either sexes (Male and Female), especially when considered with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological one.

Academic Performance: Is the outcome of education, the extent to which student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

Biology: This is the scientific study of life and structure of plant and animals.

 

CONCLUSION

Based on the findings of this study, it was concluded that there is a significant difference in academic Performance of students taught Biology using instructional materials and those taught without instructional materials.

Students taught Biology using instructional materials performed better than their counterparts who were taught without instructional materials.

On the other hand, no significant difference exists between the academic Performance of male and female Biology students when taught using instructional materials.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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