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INFLUENCE OF TEACHING METHODS ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SOCIAL STUDIES AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

INFLUENCE OF TEACHING METHODS ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SOCIAL STUDIES AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the study

1.2     Statement of the problem

1.3     Purpose of the study

1.4     Significance of the study

 

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Limitation of the study

1.8     Delimitation of the study

1.9     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Administration of the instrument

3.8     Scoring of the instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis 

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of the Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS

AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the study

Without a doubt, the quality and intellectual aims of education in Nigeria society has become the concern of educationists being looked upon to bring to fruition the attainment of a society backed strongly by future citizens who are conscious and innovatively oriented. She added that it is because of this that the teaching activity of the teacher falls under the search light of the larger society.

The National Policy on education cited in Ekanem (2016) clearly recognized the role of the teacher when it declares that teacher’s education shall continue to be given major emphasis in all educational planning and development.

According to Uwameiye and Ojikutu (2018), teaching can be defined as the action of a person (learner) teaching may also refers to instruction the education performed by teacher (Okon, 2014).

 

INFLUENCE OF TEACHING METHODS ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN SOCIAL STUDIES AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

However, Ekanem (2023) has stated that teaching is a complex process in primary school because at this to be even more complex because at this level teachers are dealing with infants who needs more attention.

Indeed, teaching of social studies may require long hours of work and preparation. In fact, the critical analytics nature of social studies requires that its teaching be carried out using appropriate method. Therefore, techniques and information which will help improve students or pupils learning and academic performance.

 

Teaching methods has been associated with students and pupil’s academic performance by educationalist, researchers and authors the teaching methods, according to Ekanem (2016) may be a teaching that is guided by certain basic beliefs.

Teaching methods that teachers adopt requires some preliminary parathion Kizlik (2012) stated that teaching methods that is right for a particular subject or topic depends on several factors such as the age of the learners, developmental level of the learners, what they already know and what they need to know to succeed with the lesson, the available resources. Influence of teaching methods on academic achievement in social studies among primary school pupils.

 

For effective teaching of social studies, the following methods are usually adopted for teaching and learning of the subject they include discussion methods, team teaching methods, lecture methods, or play way method, field trip method and problem solving method, project or assignment method among others.

Among the aforementioned teaching methods, some methods can be better than others in the teaching of social studies at the primary level of education; it is on this ground that this study is conducted to examine influence of teaching methods on academic achievement in social studies among primary school pupils.

 

1.2   Statement of the problem

Undeniably, the continuous issue of pupil’s poor academic achievement in social studies in primary schools has been the reason for undertaking this research study.

Despite the role of government, teachers and parents encourage proper education of the Nigerian child; academic performance of pupils in social studies is observed to be very poor. However, the report from the ministry of education promotion examination to primary six 2022 and 2023 show that pupils academic achievement depicts a disappointing falling standard.

 

Furthermore, the society seemed to blame the law academic achievement  of pupils on a number of factors including the teaching methods in which this study seeks to confirm and identify the teaching method that can be used to improve academic achievement of pupils in social studies. Therefore, it become imperative to carry out a research study to examine the influence of teaching methods on academic achievement in social studies among primary school pupils.

 

1.3   Purpose of the study

This study aimed to investigate the influence of teaching methods on academic achievement in social studies among primary school pupils. Specifically, the study aimed at the following objectives:

  • To investigate the influence of play-way method on academic achievement in social studies among primary schools pupils.
  • To examine the effect of demonstration method on academic achievement in social studies among primary school pupils.
  • To investigate the influence of role playing method on pupils academic performance in social students.

 

1.4   Significance of the study

This study would be significant in a number of ways:

  • Firstly, the findings of this study will help teachers to select among the teaching methods that can bring about effective teaching and learning of social studies at the primary levels.
  • Secondly, finding of the study will help the educational planners to send primary school social studies teachers to various re-fresher courses on teaching methods. Influence of teaching methods on academic achievement in social studies among primary school pupils.

 

  • Thirdly, the findings of this study will help them to achieve more from teaching and learning.
  • In addition, the findings will help academicians in theory development to explain academic achievement.
  • Lastly, the findings will be important for educational administrators who want to determine the possible required changes to improve academic achievement of students.

 

1.5   Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to direct the study:

  • How does play-way method of teaching influence academic achievement in social studies among primary five pupils.
  • How does demonstration method of teaching influence academic achievement in social studies among primary five pupils.
  • How does role playing teaching method of teaching influence academic achievement in social studies among primary five pupils.

 

Definition of Terms

Some terms were defined according to how they are used in the study as follows:

Teaching Methods: In brief, these refer to ways or approaches of teaching.

Academic Achievement: In brief, academic achievement or academic performance is the extent to which a student’s teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

Social Studies: Social studies deal with the study of man and his social and physical environment.

 

Conclusion

Based on findings of the study, it was concluded that:

  • Firstly, discussion methods on role-play method are effective teaching method that should be adopted by primary school teachers in teaching social studies effectively.
  • Secondly, proper usage of teaching method enhances effective teaching and learning.
  • Appropriate teaching method helps pupils to achieve greatly during instructional session.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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