Project

INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

The school is a social and learning agent that provides the environment upon which a child may be formally educated in order to attain educational goals. Human beings have unlimited capacity to learn but may however be limited by the behavior patterns and facilities that the immediate environment offers.

According to Umoh (2016) nature only provides the raw materials in form of potentials but it is the environment that determines the extent of development.

In furtherance to the menace of low academic performance which has been on high strain in the secondary school system and cannot be over-emphasized as it had eaten deep into the quality of students and eventual leaders produced into the Nigerian economy. It could be deduced that there exist a space in the quality of students produced and the required quality of individuals for various schools need of the country and the society in general (Sambo, 2019).

In accessing the causes and the effects of the level of students’ academic performance, the researcher considers the school environment as those instruments that could tailor the level of students’ academic performance. The school environment is the school infrastructural facilities, school library facilities and school location. Hence, these school environments remain important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance students’ academic performance.

Similarly, Demas (2013) asserted that the issue of poor academic performance of students in secondary schools has been of much concern to the government, parents, teachers and even students themselves.

The quality of education not only depends on the teachers as reflected in the performance of their duties but also in the effectiveness co-ordination of the school environment. It is posited that the school physical feature has a form of relationship with the student academic performance in term of the school size, structure, ownership, location and type.

Ekanem (2018) has shown that school facilities such as library facilities assist teachers in making their lessons explicit to learners.

 

Eneh and Nkang (2016) in postulation theory of cognitive development have shown that learners in schools function at the operational stage of mental development.

Additionally, Fred (2013) identified school environment as the major factors contributing to the teaching and learning effectiveness in the school system. These include infrastructural facilities such as classroom, equipped laboratories and libraries as well as the location of the school.

Different studies conducted by Dele (2010) and Vincent (2011) showed that a positive relationship exist between availability of facilities, school location and academic performance of students.

 

In line with this, Edith (2015) was of the view that for effective teaching of Economics which does not have practical activities, there is need for the children to utilize the school library in their learning processes.

Equally, Matthew (2013) investigated the influence of school factors and academic performance of students in Economics in secondary schools in Benin metropolis. He concluded that there is a significant influence of school location, school library and the physical environment of the school and the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Benin metropolis. Thus, that the availability and utilization of library facilities by students influence the learning and teaching of Economics in secondary schools. This motivated the researcher to interest on reviewing the concept of school environment as it may affect the present study area.

 

Chiu (2011) observed that school environment encompassed material and human resources; and teaching and learning occur by the interaction between the teacher and the students as well as the interaction of the students with the material resources.

Thus, this implies that the school environment include the teachers laboratory facilities, library facilities, the temperature (hot or cold) of the environment, class size, classroom facilities and location of the school which could pose serious problem in the teaching of social sciences. The influence of school environment on academic performance of students in economics in senior secondary schools.

Therefore, it is against this background that it became necessary to investigate the extent to which school environment such as school location, school infrastructural facilities and school library facilities influence the academic performance of students in Economics in senior secondary students in secondary schools.

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem

The issue of poor academic performance of students in Economics has been an issue that has led to widely discussion. The standard of education has made Economics and other social science subjects to go through school environment. School environment include the location of school, infrastructural facilities and school libraries. This leads to low enrolment in Economics courses in our universities, polytechnics and Colleges of Education.

This posed serious problem in the educational system and has led to parents blaming the government for lack of provision of adequate facilities in the schools, lack of provision of certain basic amenities and infrastructural development in the local government.

The teachers blame he students for poor reading habit. This therefore interest the researcher seeks to find out whether school environment such as the school location, infrastructural facilities and school library could be responsible for these poor academic performance of students in Economics in senior secondary schools with a view to making recommendations base on researcher’s findings.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of school environment on academic performance of students in Economics in senior secondary schools. The study specifically sought to;

  1. Investigate the influence of urban and rural schools on the academic performance of students in Economics in senior secondary schools;
  2. To examine the influence of adequate school infrastructural facilities and inadequate school infrastructural facilities on academic performance of students in Economics in senior secondary schools;
  3. Investigate the influence of inadequate school library facilities and inadequate school library facilities on academic performance of students in Economics in senior secondary schools.

 

1.4     Significance of the Study

The study shall be useful in a number of ways;

  • The study will be significant in that it will enlighten parents and guardians of students on which schools (schools in the urban area or school in rural area) would be effective to ensure excellent performance of students.
  • Also, it will help government and all related bodies in making school infrastructural facilities in secondary schools.
  • It will further help government particularly education administrators and science provider when making policies on the supply of school library facilities to secondary schools. The influence of school environment on academic performance of students in economics in senior secondary schools.

 

  • Curriculum planners and developers will find this study very useful in planning and developing appropriate curriculum in Economics for both urban and rural school location.
  • Lastly, it will create awareness and educate teachers on the factors that contribute to the poor performance of students in senior secondary school certificate Examination in Economics. Thereby, admitting the recommended techniques of ameliorating the negligence.

 

1.5     Research Questions

  1. Is there any significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between urban and rural schools?
  2. Is there any significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between adequate school infrastructural facilities and inadequate school infrastructural facilities?
  3. Is there any significant in academic performance of students in Economics difference between adequate library facilities and inadequate library facilities?

 

1.6     Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between urban and rural schools.
  2. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between schools with adequate infrastructural facilities and those with inadequate infrastructural facilities.
  3. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students in Economics between schools with adequate library facilities and those with inadequate library facilities

 

1.7     Limitation of the Study

  • Lack of finance to go round all the public secondary schools.
  • Geographical factors limited the study to four (4) public secondary schools in the study area.
  • The study was constrained by limited time frame for its execution and completion.
  • Added to the above, the primary sources of information on school environment were not readily available. It required movements from one library to another to obtain necessary information.

 

Operational Definition of Terms

School environment: School environment are factors within the students’ surrounding in the school that influence the teaching-learning process these include school location, infrastructural facilities and school library facilities as used in this study.

Student:  A student is a person who attends or undertakes a course of study in an educational establishment.

Performance: This refers to the child’s examination scores or result in the school.

 

School Infrastructural Facilities: These are physical buildings in the school such as classroom, computer laboratory and offices.

School Location: This is the place where a school is located such as urban and rural location.

 

Conclusions

Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that:

  • There is a significant difference in the mean responses of students’ academic performance in Business Studies in large class size and those in small class size in secondary schools.
  • There is a significant difference in the mean responses of students’ academic performance in Business Studies in urban schools and those in rural schools.

 

DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE CONTAINS A PROJECT GUIDE aimed to guide project students in writing their original project. Therefore, all information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for educational and informational purposes for students, researchers and readers only. To get more useful contents on educational project or instant download of complete project material on any topic or project writing services. Reach out to us with +2347068634102

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

Related Articles

Back to top button
Open chat
1
Scan the code
Hello 👋
Welcome to projectboss 24/7customer services.