INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL SUPPORT AND PUPIL’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES

INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL SUPPORT AND PUPIL’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES
INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL SUPPORT AND PUPIL’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES

INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL SUPPORT AND PUPIL’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the study

1.2    Statement of the problem

1.3    Purpose of the study

1.4   Significant of the study

1.5    Research Question

1.6    Limitation of the study

Delimitation of the study

1.8    Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Area of the study

3.2    Research design

3.3    Population of the study

3.4    Sample and sampling techniques

3.5    Instrument for data collection

3.6    Validity and of the instrument

3.7    Administration of the instrument

3.8    Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data analysis

4.2    Discussion of the finding

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATION

AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3   Conclusion

5.4    Suggestions for further studies

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Background to the Study

In an age of momentous changes and stiffer competitions, the old views regarding parents’ role in the upbringing of children demand appropriate alterations as the circumstances, in which children grow up, have undergone drastic changes. With the embarrassing influences of the cine world, TV channels and the internet, the responsibilities of parents towards children with regard to transmission of culture, inculcation of values, shaping of proper attitudes and outlooks etc. need a serious consideration.

 

It is widely recognised that if pupils are to maximise their potential from schooling they will need the full support of their parents. Therefore, attempts to enhance parental support in education occupy governments, administrators, educators and even parents’ concern.

Over the past several decades, scholars are concerned with the poor academic performance of pupils. The research studies revealed that various factors are responsible for scholastic failure of students, such as poor parental support system, poor family learning (home torturing) poor parental aspirations and expectation of their child’s academic progress, low socio-economic background, student’s cognitive abilities, school related factors, environment of the home, or the support given by the parents and other family members (Khan & Malik, 1999; Fan, 2001; Gonzalez- Pienda, Nunez, Gonzalez- Pumariega, Alvarez, Roces and Garcia, 2002).

 

Generally, schools are considered as places which provide appropriate learning environment for a child, but importance of parents and community cannot be ignored. Parents, adult family members, and siblings contribute significantly to various components of personality of the child particularly and in improving his/her academic performance.

Academic performance is therefore not merely based on the educational processes within school, it depends on the circumstances that young live in, on the encouragement and support teenage receive at home, the atmosphere in the peer group, and lifestyles of adolescents in different places (Pong, et al. 2005). Academic support is defined as the provision of the facilities needed by the child and the resources needed for their socialization. Emotional support in the form of encouragement and assistance in homework of the child (Birch and Ladd, 1996).

Gonzalez- Pienda, et al.,(2002) indicated that “without the children’s parental support, it is hard for teachers to devise academic experiences to help students learn meaningful content” (p.281).

 

In home settings, the learning processes occur explicitly or consciously, often in an informal way. Parents teach and train children early in their lives, the fundamental skills, attitudes and values necessary for day-to-day living (UNESCO, 1992).

However, Social Studies is one of the core subjects in the curriculum of primary school in Nigeria. Steel (2000) explained that Social Studied is intended to aid the child in understanding man as he relates to himself, groups or institutions and to the resolution between his wants and available resources. Thus, this is an important subject that has a link with the Social Sciences.

Furthermore, Social Studies involve great interventions from the home (family) level to school. Apart from the linkage with other subjects, the study of Social Studies has its own real value by exposing the child to great events and people of the past and by improving the intellectual development of a child.

 

INFLUENCE OF PARENTAL SUPPORT AND PUPIL’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SOCIAL STUDIES

The six dimensions are; Parents’ expectations about their children’s achievement; Parents’ expectations about their children’s capacity to achieve important goals; Parents’ behaviors that reveal interest in their children’s school work; Parents’ degree of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with their children’s level of school achievement; Parents’ level and type of help provided when their children do homework; Parents’ reinforcement of behaviors of their children’s achievements.

 

Moreover, studies have indicated that children whose parents and/or other significant adults share in their formal education tend to do better in school. Hence, this study is drawn to examine the influence of Parental support and Pupils academic Performance in Social Studies in Nsit Ubuim Local Government Area.

 

Statement of the Problem

Obviously, parents of primary schools are often faced with unique challenges that hinder them from meeting the children’s learning needs. They include; insufficient time, career or job type, level of education, order of priority, set home environment, opinion to voluntary work at school, time taken to respond to school activities for example buying instruction materials, attending parents meetings, conferences, sports ,academic clinic day, disciplinary cases and also discussing the academic progress of the child.

If the above needs are not attended to, there is a likelihood of child not performing well because he or she is not adequately supported. Poor parental support may lead to poor performance of the child academically (K.N.E.C Report, 2006).

 

Again, parents from public schools tend to be reluctant and therefore, the primary school children are not exposed to varied earning opportunities. This affects their acquisition of learning skills such as numeracy and literacy skills as compared to children from private preschools. Academic performance in Nsit Ubium Local Government Area has remained very low for a very long time. Hence, there is need to examine the influence of parental support and pupils academic performance in social studies in Nsit Ubuim Local Government Area.

 

Purpose of the Study

Generally, this study is to examine the influence of parental support and pupil’s academic performance in Social Studies in Nsit Ubuim Local Government Area.

Specifically, the objectives of the study were:

  1. To examine effect of parental reward and pupil’s academic performance in Social Studies.
  2. To examine the influence of home tutoring and pupil’s academic performance in Social Studies.
  3. To examine the effect of parental aspirations and expectations for their children and their academic performance in Social Studies.

 

Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be of benefit to parents, education stakeholders, school administrators, other researchers, and policy makers.

  1. Firstly, the study will uncover the influence to which parental support have on the academic achievements in Social Studies.
  2. Secondly, parents will be brought to light on issues bothering their children’s academic performance.
  3. Thirdly, parents will be able see the need and importance of their rewards, aspirations and expectations as factors promoting their children’s academic progress.
  4. Fourthly, teachers will have an insight into non-cognitive factors hindering pupil’s academic performance.
  5. Furthermore, school administrators could use the findings in decision making processes.
  6. Also, other researches could build on the findings of this study and use it in a larger scope of study.
  7. Lastly, policy makers could find this study useful when making several educational policies.

 

Research Questions

  1. To what extent does parental reward improve pupil’s academic performance in Social Studies?
  2. To what extent does home tutoring improve pupil’s academic performance in Social Studies?
  3. What is the relationship between parental aspirations and expectations for their children and their academic performance in Social Studies?

 

Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant influence in parental reward and pupils’ academic performance in Social Studies.
  2. There is no significant influence in home-based tutoring and pupils’ academic performance in Social Studies.
  3. There is no significance relationship between parental aspirations and expectations for their children and their Academic Performance in Social Studies.

 

Limitation of the Study

Like any other study, this study encountered considerable problems. Some of these include:

  1. Time Constraints: The time provided, a was not enough for the researcher to go round all primary schools in Nsit Ubium Local Government Area.
  2. Financial Constraints: Financial constraints was also another factor that limited the researcher to go round the schools.

 

Definition of Terms

Parental Support: In brief, this refers to the amount of parental engagement, contribution and participation a parent has in school-based activities and events related to the child’s education.

Primary School: This is a school in which children receive primary or elementary education from the age of about five to twelve, coming after preschool and before secondary school.

 

 Social Studies:  In brief, it is a study of man and his environment. Thus, a value based education which helps the child to develop and interpret societal values. Therefore, it supplies knowledge, skills and values which will allow the individual to function more effectively in the institutions of society.

Academic Performance: In brief, the outcome of education, the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has  achieved their educational goals.

 

CONCLUSION

           Three null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The result of the analysis revealed that all hypotheses were statistically significant at 0.05 alpha level. Based on the finding of the result the following conclusion were made.

  1. There is a significant influence of parental reward and pupils’ academic performance in Social Studies.
  2. There is a significant influence of home-based tutoring and pupils’ academic performance in Social Studies.
  3. There is a significant relationship between parental aspirations and expectations for their children and their Academic Performance in Social Studies.

 

Dear Reader: To get more useful contents on educational project or instant download of complete project material on any topic or project writing services. Reach out to us with +2347068634102

About Joselyn Nya 502 Articles
My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng