INDISCIPLINE BEHAVIOUR AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

INDISCIPLINE BEHAVIOUR AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background to the Study

Indiscipline behaviors are conducts which constitute an act of disobedience to rules and regulations in a given organization. The wave of moral decadence and indiscipline conducts in the society has extended to the school system resulting in general decline standards among teachers and the learners. The level of discipline in our primary schools has dropped from what it used to be in decades ago.

In those days, Indiscipline conduct among students were brought to the barest minimum has every students was conscious of the consequences of indulging in indiscipline act.

Ogbodo (2012) stated that indiscipline behaviours among students in secondary schools manifest mainly in various disruptive behaviours exhibited by students’ in school. These include cases of noise making in the class, throwing of pieces of papers on each other. Also, fighting, stealing of one another’s belongings failure to do take home assignment, lateness to school and lack of adherence to school rules and regulations among others.

 

The existence of these unwanted traits and tendencies among students in primary schools is viewed with great concern. This is because the future of any society rests on them and the school which plays the role of a “clearing house of the society” for the preparation of youth for adult’s roles (Isangedighi, 2019).

According to Maduakonam (2018) Indiscipline conducts among students can equally be attributed to parents. Who have neglected the discipline of children at home. Nowadays, parents spent very little time with their children at home. However, some do not even have time to offer parental tutelage to their wards. This development has given nom for children to grow wild and exhibit unruly conducts in their dealings both at home and in school.

 

Many students who are indiscipline, are products of broken homes and careless parents. Since the home is the microcosm of the society children often carry the imprint of their parental upbringing at home to the school and larger society.

 

INDISCIPLINE BEHAVIOUR AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN ECONOMICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Indiscipline has done more harms than good to the students who are into it. Many students have performed poorly in school as a result of indiscipline behaviours. Indiscipline students often develop negative attitude towards studies. Odiba (2016), identified basically three types of indiscipline in schools which include Anti social act; Act of defiance and Act of negligence. Anti social act refers to the destruction of public properties and rioting, hooliganism, stealing and bullying.

 

Indiscipline behaviour cuts across all aspects of human environment and has caused a lot of setbacks in schools and the society at large. Indiscipline behaviour is like a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabric of the society. It breeds lawlessness and lawlessness breeds crime, and consequently self-destruction. Indiscipline in schools contributes to lack of success in one’s life, if allowed to linger on for a long time.

 

Indiscipline is a behavioural disorder that is classified as an act of delinquency. Just like lying, stealing and playing truancy. It is often the cause of a lot of mental, emotional and also physical damage. Such as damage to property in homes as well as in schools. By extension, the term connotes the violation of school rules and regulations capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly, functioning of the school system (Adeyemo, 2013).

School rules and regulations in most cases affect students more than any other thing. Because they are made by the school authorities in order to guard and protect the students while in school.

 

1.2  Statement of the Problem

It has been observed with dismay the high rate of indiscipline behaviours among secondary school students. The central role of the school in molding character, behavior and shaping standards has long been jeopardized by the fall in the standard of discipline in schools.

 

The consequences are the apparent fall in educational standards and quality of the products from our secondary schools.

Arresting the situation has become increasingly difficult since indiscipline tendencies have eaten deep into the nerve centre of students in our secondary schools.

There is no doubt therefore, that indiscipline behaviours have contributed to the decline in the academic performance of students in secondary schools. It is against this background therefore that this study “Indiscipline Behaviour and Academic achievement of students in Economics in secondary schools” became imperative.

 

1.3  Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between Indiscipline Behaviour and Academic Achievement of Students in Economics in secondary schools. The specific objectives include to:

  1. Examine the relationship between irregular class attendance and students’ academic achievement in Economics in secondary schools.
  2. Examine the relationship between Lateness to School and students’ academic achievement in Economics in secondary schools.
  3. Examine the relationship between lack of adherence to school rules and students’ academic achievement in Economics in secondary schools.

 

1.4   Research Questions

  1. How does irregular class attendance relate with students’ academic achievement in Economics?
  2. To What extent does lateness to school relate with students’ academic achievement?
  3. How does lack of adherence to school rules/regulations relate with students’ academic achievement?

 

1.5  Research Hypotheses

1.  There is no significant relationship between irregular class attendance and students academic achievement in Economics in secondary schools.

2.  There is no significant relationship between Lateness to school and students academic achievement in Economics in secondary schools.

3. There is no significant relationship between lack of adherence to school rules/regulation and students academic achievement in Economics in secondary schools.

 

1.6  Significance of the Study

The findings of this study would be of immense benefits to all and sundry in the education sector in the following ways:

  • It would bring to the fore the effects of lack of adherence to school rules and regulations, irregular class attendance and lateness to school on students academic performance not only in Economics but other school subjects.
  • It would add to the body of existing literature on indiscipline behaviours and students academic performance in Economics and school subjects
  • Finally, it would serve as a reference material for further research on indiscipline behaviours and students’ academic performance in Economics and other school subjects.

 

1.7  Limitations of the Study

The major factors that limit the scope of this study were. Insufficient funds, the researchers’ academic work –load, and time frame for the completion of the research. Also, scarcity of the research materials in line with the research factor also contributes to limit the scope of the study among other extraneous variables.

 

1.8   Operational Definition of Terms

  • Indiscipline Behaviours: Unruly attitudes and conducts among students in schools.
  • Rules and Regulations: Standard orders and principles set out for students to follow in schools.
  • Academic achievement: A measure of the students’ ability in Economics as determined through tests and examinations.
  • Students: This refers to a person who is studying or learning in secondary school or higher institution of learning like College of Education, polytechnics, universities etc.

 

Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, it was therefore concluded that;

  • There is a significant relationship between irregular class attendance and students academic achievement.
  • There is also a significant relationship between Lateness to School and students academic achievement.
  • Finally the study revealed that there is significant relationship between lack of adherence to school rules and regulations and students academic achievement.
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