Impact of School Community Relation on the Effective Management of Public Secondary Schools

Impact of School Community Relation on the Effective Management of Public Secondary Schools
Impact of School Community Relation on the Effective Management of Public Secondary Schools

THE IMPACT OF SCHOOL-COMMUNITY RELATION ON THE EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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Abstract

The study investigated The Impact of School-Community Relation on the Effective Management of Public Secondary Schools.

The study reviewed literatures that are related to the study. Survey design was adopted to collect relevant data used for the study. The population of the study was 4536 while the sample was 368 respondents. Questionnaire was used for data collection.

Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions while the null hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance.

The results of the study revealed that school-community relations impact significantly in effective management of public secondary schools in the study area.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The relationships between school leaders, the school- community and parents go a long way in determining the school culture, climate, pedagogy, overall perception of students as well as the effective management of the schools. According to Emmanuel, Kwanda, Moses and Patrick (2023), the school principal as the leader of the school has the responsibility to support the school personnel to be open to the host community and encourage their involvement in the school’s activities. Good relationships and regular communication between the school leadership and the community are fundamental in guaranteeing an enabling working and learning environment for staff and learners. Recognizing the different stakeholders within the community and understanding their characteristics, power-balance components, as well as their traditions, are primordial steps for the school principal before beginning to build relationships (Emmanuel, Kwanda, Moses and Patrick, 2023).

According to Oredein and Opatunde (2023), the essence of administrative effectiveness in every organization can never be over emphasized in any organization. Administrative effectiveness is the positive response to administrative efforts and actions with the intention to accomplish stated goals. Administrative effectiveness which is often defined in terms of output implies what a manager achieves.

Nnodim and Okorogba (2022), stated that school-community  relationship  is  a  series  of  planned  activities  and  medium. Through  which  the school  seeks  to  learn  about  its  community,  to  inform  the  community  about,  and  interpret  when necessary  the  purpose, programmes,  problems  and  needs  of  the  school,  and  to  involve  the community  in  planning  and  evaluating  school  policies  and  progress.

 

Impact of School Community Relation on the Effective Management of Public Secondary Schools

Education is a vital tool for inculcation of the right values and skills necessary for the development of individuals and the society at large. It is an indispensable instrument for human progress, empowerment and affecting national development.

The Federal in its opening statement on the National Policy on Education, maintained that. Education in Nigeria is an instrument “par excellence” for effecting national development. (FGN, 2013).

Every nation of the world placed educational development at the top most level among other social service providers in the state. Abdulyaqin and Durosaro (2017) would say that the status of education as both a service and a business has made the educational sector retain a place of priority in the budgetary allocation of any national. The type of service provided by education is in different levels. Thus in Nigeria, we have pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary educational levels.

With the launch of UBE, and the policy to eradicate illiteracy and to ensure that all children of school age are in school. The government alone could not chatter for the provision of educational services in this country. Thus have allowed the participation of voluntary agencies and private partnership in education.

To buttress this, Abdulyaqin and Durosaro (2017) opine that even though investment in education comes from both public and private bodies. It is the role of the government to create an enabling environment for private participation in the educational sector.

The type of service provided by education is in different levels. Thus in Nigeria, we have pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary educational levels.

With the launch of UBE.  The policy to eradicate illiteracy and to ensure that all children of school age are in school. The government alone could not chatter for the provision of educational services in this country. Thus have allowed the participation of voluntary agencies and private partnership in education.

Ayeni, (2012) sees education as the transmission of knowledge and worthwhile values from one person to another in the school.

School as an open system and a social organization thrives on the effective interrelationship within it and with its relevant community.

What happens in a school affects the community, and what happens in the community affects the schools (Bala (2013). This means that the community builds its schools and the schools build their communities (Sidhu, 2007).

Therefore, school community interdependence is unbreakable. This means that school community relationship is very important in secondary schools. Because schools cannot exist in isolation but in cooperation with the community in which they find themselves (Ihebereme, 2008).

The success or failure of secondary schools depends to a large extent. However, on the level of relationship the schools maintain with their neighbouring communities. This makes it demanding on the school administrators. To identify the key areas of school community relationship between their schools and the host communities. Miller (2011).

The school in pursuit of quality requires a lot of human, materials, physical facilities and financial resources. Thus, for building the capacity of the education system. To be able to deliver high quality and relevant curriculum to learners of all ages.

To ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote long life learning opportunities. There must be recognition of measurable learning outcomes in schools especially, in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills.

 

A community inherently consists of a group of people. For instance, geographical location (e.g., neighborhood) is often a common element to various definitions of community (Mahar et al., 2013).

In Nigeria today, there should be great concern about the state of schooling at all levels. This is rooted in the realization that literacy levels and academic achievement. Determines an individual’s job attainment and earning as well as the general economic well being of the society.

Moreover, the low quality of social skills, innovation and creativity acquired in schools accounts for the poor quality of education in the country.

 

Government has its hands in virtually every facet, feature and dimension of education at all levels. From the approval to the construction of schools, colleges and universities. From the establishment of curricula and the setting of standards and inspection to the appointment, discipline and removal of school authorities. As well as from the fixing of salaries and allowances to the determination of timetables for terms and semesters, etc.

This anomaly is responsible in large measure for the collapse of educational institutions and the failure of the educational enterprise in Nigeria. Hence, the need for community participation in quality assurance education provision.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

In relation to the background of the study, there is no clear policy on legal school-community relations in public secondary schools management in Nigeria. The only legal participation of parents and community in school affairs is under Parents Teachers Association (P.T.A.). It is also not clear who is responsible for ensuring parent and community involvement in the management of public secondary schools.

The role of parents for a long time, has remained to be that of provision of finances for infrastructure developments, attending annual meetings and provision of security and healthcare to their children.

 

There is a need to build strong communication and successful working relations between schools and the many communities that they serve.

Accounting issues, funding pressures, increasing competition and expanding expectations are just a few items in the growing list of communication pressures facing secondary schools today.

School-Community relations has the potential of developing education in relation to access, retention, quality education, transparency and accountability if well established.  Therefore, this study investigates into the impact of school-community relation on the effective management of public secondary schools.

 

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of school-community relation on the effective management of public secondary schools in Oyo East Local Government Area, Oyo State.

Specifically, the study aims to investigate the following:

1. The impact of school-community relation on effective administration of school discipline.

3. The impact of school-community relation on effective administration of school funds.

3. The impact of school-community relation on effective administration of school facilities.

4. The impact of school-community relation on effective administration of school curriculum.

 

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions guides the study.

How does school-community relation impacts on effective school discipline?

To what extent does school-community relations impacts effective administration of school funds?

What relational impact exists between the school and the community with regards to effective administration of school facilities?

What impact exists between the school and the community with regards to effective administration of school curriculum?

 

1.5 Research Hypotheses

School-community relationship does not significantly impact effective administration of school discipline.

The School-community relationship does not significantly impact effective administration of school funds.

School-community relationship does not significantly impact effective administration of school facilities.

The School-community relationship does not significantly impact effective administration of school curriculum.

 

1.6 Significance of the Study

The result of this study will serve as a very important instrument and guide for the school and the community, the teachers, educational administration; school heads and the nation as a whole.

To the schools, community participation in school management strengthens school agents to formulate policies that will involve parents and community. It would actually motivate the stakeholders to provide the necessary assistance for improved performance in exams.

The goal is to provide and maintain a healthy teaching – learning environment through the provision of appropriate and adequate physical infrastructure. Thus, as well as ensure good mental, physical and emotional wellbeing of the students.

The study will help the student to be close to their society and become relevant in solving the immediate problem the community faced based on the experience they acquired.

The teachers will recognize the importance of relating with his immediate community therefore will channel his community therefore will channel his curriculum to meet the need of the society.

For the development of better educational programs; effective utilization of the school funds and school facilities. This study will serve as a guide for the planning of school curriculum assignment of teaches to subjects and classrooms.

The community developer will also find the student relevant as it will sharpen its relationship skill with the school.

Also to the Students, involvement of the learners in school management especially in policy formulation would make its implementation easy since the learners would be more receptive.

Finally, it is hoped that this study will serve as a benchmark for further studies. Also, investigation in this educational area, will therefore contribute to the mental health of this nation as a whole. As it will bond the relationship between the school and the community.

 

1.7 Limitations of the Study

In carrying out this research, certain problems were encountered. These were financial constraint, inadequate related literature and shortage of time. These led to the limiting the study to public secondary schools in Oyo East Local Government Area, Oyo State.

 

1.8 Operational Definition of Terms

School: A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers.

Community: Refers to parents, neighbours, caregivers, sponsors, guardians and elders.

Relation: In this study, relation is defined as the way in which schools and the community are connected; it’s impacts on or relevance to another.

Public schools : Refers to government sponsored schools which are under the Ministry of Education.

School-Community Relationship: This is a type of relationship (whether symbiotic or parasitic). That exist between as school which is a learning centre and its immediate community in which the school is established.

School management: Refers to the skills and techniques. Used to ensure proper planning, organization, implementation, controlling and evaluation of school resources, activities and teaching and learning experiences.

 

Conclusion

Based on the results of the study, it was found that school- communities relation impact significantly on effective management of public secondary schools by provision of funds, infrastructural facilities, maintenance of discipline, decision-making processes, curriculum implementation and lots more in the administration of public secondary schools.

The opinions of the respondents affirms that the school-community relation is of great extent which could bring about effective school administration. As a matter of fact school also need to play some important roles in the community.

School as a social institution is established within the community. Therefore, needs to have a good relationship with immediate and far communities because of many advantages they both render to each other. Symbiotic relationship always exists between the school and the community which lead to the success of the two. Based on the above findings, recommendations were made, the limitations of the study were highlighted and suggestions for further research were also put across.

 

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