IMPACT OF POLITICAL INSECURITY ON THE STANDARD OF EDUCATION

IMPACT OF POLITICAL INSECURITY ON THE STANDARD OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
IMPACT OF POLITICAL INSECURITY ON THE STANDARD OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

IMPACT OF POLITICAL INSECURITY ON THE STANDARD OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Research Questions

 

1.5     Research Hypotheses

1.6     Significance of the study

1.7     Delimitation of the Study

1.8     Limitation of the Study

1.9     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODS

3.1     Research Design

3.2     Area for the study

3.3    Population for the study

3.4     Sampling and Sampling Technique

3.5     Instrumentation

 

3.6     Instrument Validation

3.7     Administration of Instrument

3.8     Scoring of the Instrument

3.9     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Presentation and Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Result

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations

5.4     Suggestions for further study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Undeniably, the deteriorating security situation and its effects on the standard of education in Nigeria is worrisome. Indeed, Nigeria has witnessed unprecedented level of insecurity ranging from intra-communal, inter-communal and inter- ethnic clashes; religious violence; armed robbery; assassination, kidnapping and “boko haram” insurgency (Mutiullah cited in Abubakar, 2023).

Insecurity in Nigeria is causing developmental challenges such as endemic penury, high rate of unemployment, inured corruption, low industrial output, unstable and deteriorating exchange rate, high inflation rate, inadequate physical and social infrastructure, large domestic debt, and rising external debt profile (Ewetan, 2023). Thus, these problems have posed severe threats to socio-economic development in the country in that it stifles business and economic activities and discourages local and foreign investors (Ewetan & Urhie, 2023).

 

IMPACT OF POLITICAL INSECURITY ON THE STANDARD OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

Dambazau (2014) quoting Act 26 of 1948 on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, sees education as not only a public good, it is also a human right that is essential for the exercise of all other human rights, especially in promoting individual freedom and empowerment.

Zukang cited in Dambazau (2014) links education acquisition of genuine wealth and happiness whereas lack of it exacerbates one’s level of ignorance and leads to blunders, poverty, unhappiness, and sometimes the commission of crimes. However, to him, the relationship between lack of education, poverty and poor health conditions diminishes opportunities to social and economic advancement which often leads to criminality.

 

Dike (2013) submits that the socio-political and economic development of a nation and or her health are in many ways determined by the quality and level of educational attainment of the population. He, however, laments that the state of education in Nigeria cannot produce the critical and creative minds Nigeria needs to guide and manage democratic system and survive as a viable nation.

 

Lack of quality education and unemployment in Nigeria would contribute to many social ills, including crime, prostitution, and the breakdown of law and order. From the foregoing, it is neither exaggeration nor understatement to say that the higher a nation attains education, the stronger the nation’s security.

 

Moreover, in recent times, this country has suffered plaques of crisis, each leading to loss of lives and destruction of properties. The insecurity crisis in Nigeria include kidnapping, armed robbery, and insurgency among others. Perpetrators of these heinous crimes in the country, always attribute their actions to penury and unemployment.

Moreover, in the same vein, Olawale (2016) pinpoints unemployment, imbalanced development, corruption, weak judicial system, and porous coastal borders as causes of insecurity in Nigeria.

 

In addition, Nadabo (2013) sees bad leadership, corruption, and illiteracy among other factors breeding insecurity in Nigeria. Odidi (2014) points to politics of bitterness in which ascendance to political power is seen as a do-or-die business. This invariably leads to political thuggery and insecurity.

Akintokunbo (2011) links insecurity in Nigeria to massive and unchecked corruption, greed, selfishness, unpatriotism, lack of political will and conscience, and of course, lack of vision and purpose. King (2016) states the causes of insecurity in Nigeria to include a combination of the following factors: lack of institutional capacity, lack of basic necessities, pervasive material inequalities and unfairness, ethno-religious conflicts, weak security system, loss of socio-cultural and communal value system, porous borders, rural/urban drift, anti-social and irresponsible companies, unemployment, and poverty.

 

In a bid to tackle these problems, the Federal Government has for some years now been allocating huge portion of the national budget to security, and in 2011 the Anti-Terrorism Act was equally enacted by the National Assembly (Ewetan, 2013).

However, the Act seeks to provide for measures for the prevention, prohibition and combating of acts of terrorism, the financing of terrorism in Nigeria and prescribes penalties for violating any of its provisions (Oyebode, 2012).

In addition, the federal government has embarked on fundamental surveillance, investigation of criminal related offences, heightening of physical security measures around the country aimed at deterring or disrupting potential attacks, strengthening of security agencies through the provision of security facilities and the development and broadcast of security tips in mass media (King, 2023).

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

Without reservation, it is an indisputable fact that political insecurity has become a global issue which has hindered the teaching and learning process which is the heart of education. It has affected the productivity of teachers and management of students towards education which in turn affects their performance. Management of schools in Nigeria has become increasingly difficult due to the prevalence of activities of political insecurity. The impact of political insecurity on the standard of education in Nigeria.

It is observed that various schools  are constantly in fear due to the heavy presence incidence of political insecurity in every part of Nigeria on daily basis. Hence, managing the schools become tasking.

It is also observed that the impact of political insecurity on the standard of education is difficult to manage both teachers and students effectively. This and many other factors call for investigation to determine the Impact of political insecurity on the standard of education in Nigeria.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study was to investigate Impact of political insecurity on the standard of education in Enugu Education Zone. Specifically, the study seeks to examine:

  1. the activities of political insecurity in Nigeria.
  2. the impact of political insecurity on the educational activities in Enugu Education Zone.
  3. how political insecurity disrupts education service in the schools in Enugu Education Zone.
  4. how standard of education can be maintain in the era of political insecurity in Enugu Education Zone.

 

1.4   Significance of the Study

This study is considered significant because it would contribute to the improvement of the following:

  • This study will be of help to the educational stakeholders and the state government on the need to work towards sensitizing people especially the youths towards placing high premium on education that will liberate the mind so as to douse radical ideology that constitute insecurity.
  • Furthermore, it will enlighten the educational stakeholders on the need to reform the school curriculum towards security consciousness.

 

  • In addition, Government and policy makers will see the need to set achievable goals and objectives that will stimulate all sectors’ growth to address the current issues of political insecurity.
  • Also, Government will see the need to establish a security based research institute that will work with existing security agencies to curtail political insecurity. The impact of political insecurity on the standard of education in Nigeria.
  • This study will serve as an alert to policy makers, civil society organizations and NGOs so that they can devise a better mechanism in putting an end to the phenomenon or make policies that can better cater and medicate it.

 

1.5   Research Questions

The following questions are raised to guide the study;

  1. What are the activities that lead to political insecurity in Nigeria?
  2. How does political insecurity affect the educational activities in Enugu Education Zone?
  3. How does political insecurity activities disrupt enrolments and attendance of schools in Enugu Education Zone?
  4. How best can standard of education be maintain in the era of political insecurity in Enugu Education Zone?

 

Operation Definitions of Terms:

Political Insecurity: In brief, political insecurity in this study refers to the various social menace ranging from civil unrest, terror threats, endemic corruption and ongoing abductions of Nigerians by terrorist group.

Education: Education is a purposeful activity directed at achieving certain aims, such as transmitting knowledge or fostering skills and character traits.

 

Conclusion

The overview of political insecurity as it affects the standard of education in Nigeria’s education system and the role and responsibility of the government have stressed the importance of education and security in a way that both can influence each other positively.

Moreover, political insecurity has become a threat to the entire nation. Their activities have crippled the educational sector. The activities of political insecurity have rubbished the image of Nigeria and have hampered the quest of achieving the Educational Goal as outline in the National Policy on Education.

Since the advent of a new dimension of political insecurity in Nigeria, it is clear that the fabric of education system has really been shaken. The impact of insecurity has brought physical and psychological damage to the teachers and the students and educational activities in general. Therefore, there is a sharp drop out in the students’ and teachers’ attendance and enrolment in the area. This sudden movement directly affects school attendance among children.

 

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