Research Proposals

IMPACT OF COUNSELLING ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

IMPACT OF COUNSELLING ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION  

1.1    Background to the Study

1.2    Statement of the Problem

1.3    Purpose of the Study

 

1.4    Significance of the Study

1.5    Research Questions

1.6    Delimitation of the Study

1.7    Limitation of the Study

1.8    Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO:          REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE:       RESEARCH METHODS

3.1    Area of the Study

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Population of the Study

3.4    Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5    Instrument for Data Collection

 

3.6    Validation of the Instrument

3.7    Reliability of Instrument

3.8    Administration of the Instrument

3.9    Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1    Data Analysis

4.2    Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION

5.1    Summary

5.2    Recommendations

5.3    Conclusion

5.4    Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

The nexus between academic performance and counseling services within educational contexts has garnered substantial attention in contemporary society. Counseling has been provided with varied definitions. Practically, it is defined as a socially sensitive, psychologically prejudiced, professional assistance provided individual(s). Thus, to enable them remediate disturbing circumstances, events and occurrences, identify and understand self and to broaden ones view for the purpose of maximizing inherent potentials and attaining life satisfaction in designated endeavours.

In this case the student’s academic task is the endeavour, evidence abounds that lack of achievement, motivation and low self esteem, creates in students lack of interest to solve for high academic performance, zeal to contribute positively and efficiently to national development.

 

IMPACT OF COUNSELLING ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

According to Anaeto & Ajibo (2023), the most important outcome of a counseling is desirable change in the behavior of students such as improved school attendance, better study habit, better academic achievement, fewer academic failures, lower drop –out rate, better educational planning and better family relationship. Secondly, effective counseling programmes balance corrective, preventive and developmental functions.

 

Furthermore, fundamental studies by Gysbers and Henderson (2000) have underscored the transformative potential of comprehensive counseling programs in elevating academic achievement. However, their research illuminates the correlation between robust counseling interventions and positive academic outcomes, attributing this connection to the multifaceted support systems inherent in counseling services. The impact of counselling on academic performance of students in secondary schools.

Therefore, building upon this foundational work, Whiston, Tai, Rahardja, and Eder (2011) delve deeper into the intertwined relationship between access to counseling services and academic success. Their findings accentuate the significant impact of counseling interventions, particularly among students contending with emotional, social, or psychological challenges. Notably, the study elucidates how targeted counseling efforts contribute to fostering an environment conducive to academic growth.

 

Moreover, Sink et al. (2018) elucidate the broader implications of counseling beyond academic metrics. Their research delineates how counseling programs play a pivotal role in not only alleviating psychological distress but also in creating a positive and supportive academic milieu. Thus, this nuanced perspective emphasizes the symbiotic relationship between emotional well-being and academic performance.

 

Furthermore, Okobiah  and  Okorodudu  (2006) as cited in Egbule (2023) claim  that  counselling  and  counseling   encompasses relevant service activities  as  well  as  methods for assisting  people  within and  outside  of schools in realizing their  full  potentials  in terms  of their  emotional,  moral, social, academic, and  career development.

In a parallel vein, Carey and Dimmitt’s study (2012) expounds upon the proactive role of counseling in addressing specific academic hurdles. Their research emphasizes the efficacy of tailored counseling strategies in empowering students to navigate academic challenges effectively.

Through targeted interventions, counseling equips students with the requisite tools and support mechanisms to optimize their academic potential. Therefore, this study aimed to examine impact of counselling on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Eket Local Government Area.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Indeed, effective counselling is essential in every school. In fact, an organized counselling programme will offer right environment for the growth and development of the educational system in our schools. Undeniably, it has been observed that the need for introduction of counselling services in schools as to give students career information and to assist them to make appropriate and realistic educational, social-personal and vocational choices and to produce students who are properly adjusted socially and emotionally and who are mature enough to face the world after the completion of their secondary education. The impact of counselling on academic performance of students in secondary schools.

However, the society in which the child grows is not immune from a number of disabling societal and individual problems. Such as lack of guiding values, lack patriotism, acrimonious inter-personal conflicts and self-leadership.

 

Importantly, poor academic performance by students has been link to lack of proper counselling by the parents and the teacher despite numerous ways in which government has facilitate the introduction of counselling programmes in school, still there is great height of indiscipline among students which contributed to their poor academic performance.

In order to control this situation, counselling programs therefore have to be taken serious through the employment of experts services to assist students overcome numerous challenges they experience at home and at school and other to yield positive result in their academic achievement and performances. Therefore, this study aimed to examine impact of counselling on the academic performance of students in secondary schools in Eket Local Government Area.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of counselling on the academic performance of students in secondary schools. Specifically, the study intends to:

(i) Assess the impact of educational counselling on academic performance of students in Biology.

(ii) Examine the impact of vocational counselling on academic performance of students in Biology.

(iii)  Determine the impact of social-personal counselling on academic performance of students in Biology.

 

1.4    Significance of the Study

The outcome of this research will help educating and concomitantly serving as a guide to both parent and schools on the effect of counselling on the academic performance of students.

Secondly, this research will also serve as a resource base to other researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

Thirdly, it will help the teachers and the counselling counselors to evaluate the students with special need and difficulties. The impact of counselling on academic performance of students in secondary schools.

 

Fourthly, it will serve as an effective measure in addressing the challenges facing secondary school students.

Also, it will be of help to school administrators in assessing their contribution to counselling programme in schools as its on impact academic performance of student in their schools.

The result of the study will also help the students to create a good and cordial relationship with their teacher counselor.

Lastly, it will bring self-concept to the students that will help them understand himself/herself and regulate their behavior.

 

1.5    Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide a study:

  1. To what extent does educational counselling impact on the academic performance of students in Biology?
  2. To what extent does vocational counselling impact on the academic performance of students in Biology?
  3. To what extent does social-personal counselling impact on academic performance of students in Biology?

 

1.6    Research Hypotheses

In order to guide the study, the following research hypotheses are postulated:

  1. There is no significant impact of educational counselling on academic performance of students in Biology.
  2. There is no significant impact of vocational counselling on academic performance of students in Biology.
  3. There is no significant impact of social-personal counselling on academic performance of students in Biology.

 

1.7    Delimitation of the Study

This research work focuses on the impact of counselling on the academic performance of students in secondary school in Eket Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. This research work covers only public secondary schools in Eket Local Government Area. However, five public secondary schools were selected for the study.

 

Conclusion

On the bases of the forgone study, the research here by conclude that judging by the significance of counselling to the lives and academic performance of Biology students in secondary schools, all efforts should be made to ensure the availability, sufficient number of professionally trained, competent and hardworking counselling counselors in our secondary schools .

 

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