Research Proposals

IMPACT OF COMPUTER LITERACY AMONG SCIENCE TEACHERS ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

IMPACT OF COMPUTER LITERACY AMONG SCIENCE TEACHERS ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

 

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Delimitation of the Study

1.8     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODS

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Techniques

 

3.5     Instrumentation

3.6     Validation of Instruments

3.7     Administration of the research Instrument

3.8     Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR- PRESENTATION OF RESULT AND DISCUSS          ION OF FINDINGS

4.1 Presentation of Results

4.2     Discussion of Findings

  

CHAPTER FIVE  – SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND

CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for Further Studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

In the realms of science and technology, as well as in the realms of modern education, scientific education holds a valued status. Moreover, educators feel that no nation should ever overlook the teaching of science in schools, which is why scientific courses are taught all around the world. However, at the secondary school level, the learning of science (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology) can be affected by a few different elements, including the availability of information and communication technology (ICT) facilities and the size of the class (Ogunjobi, Akinwumi, Ojo and Olofin, 2023). Moreover, science is the bedrock on which modern day technology breakthrough is hinged.

Furthermore, it is a systematic study of the nature of the behavior of the material and physical universe through observation, experimentation, measurement and recording. According to Fape (2017) science is rationally structured knowledge about nature which embraces systematic methods of positive attitudes for its acquisition, teaching, learning and application.

The objectives of science education in this country according to Maduekwe (2016) include the need to prepare students to observe and explore the environment. Also, explain simple natural phenomena, develop scientific attitudes including curiosity, critical thinking and objectivity, apply the skills and knowledge gained through science to solve everyday problems in the environment, develop self-confidence and self-reliance through problem solving activities in science. Since the world is turning scientific and all proper functioning of lives depend greatly on science.

 

IMPACT OF COMPUTER LITERACY AMONG SCIENCE TEACHERS ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BIOLOGY IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS

According to Ogunleye (2016), science is a dynamic human activity concerned with understanding the workings of our world. This understanding helps to know more about the universe. Without the application of science, it would have been difficult for man to explore the other planets of the universe. Science comprises the basic discipline such as physics, chemistry, mathematics and biology.

Biology as a branch of natural science deals with the study of life (plants and animals). As a science, the study of biology can be facilitated through the use of natural resources for demonstration or investigation of biological facts or phenomenon.

 

Biology as a science course is taught at the senior secondary school level so as to prepare the students for the core science courses at the tertiary level of education. This implies that for students to be able to study science and other science related courses at the tertiary level of education successfully, such students have to be well grounded in Biology at senior secondary school level. In view of this, Biology is given great emphasis in senior secondary school curriculum. Thus Biology provides students with the ability to acquire:

  • adequate laboratory and field skills in biology;
  • meaningful and relevant knowledge in biology;
  • ability to apply scientific knowledge to everyday life in matters of personal and community health and agriculture; and
  • functional and reasonable scientific attitudes (FRN, 2014).

 

In fact, Biology education involves much manipulation of current and relevant materials by students and a clear look at the contents in biology shows that for a successful attainment of the goals of the subject, a lot of practical and field work must be done by students using necessary equipment and apparatuses. Without this necessary equipment, students will not be able to meet the objectives of this subject.

 

Similarly, as a teacher it may be very difficult to find some of the original materials and equipment for effective teaching of Biology and may also find it difficult to get updated information without the use information and communication technology. The impact of computer literacy among science teachers on students academic performance in biology in secondary schools.

Moreover, during the last decades the government and agencies have invested heavily in the integration of computer in education and information and communication technology (ICT) towards advancing the educational sector. The use of computer has imparted positively in education (teaching methodologies, research and development, information technologies) and other related areas.

 

Computer literacy is the knowledge and ability to efficiently use computer. It can also refer to the comfort level someone can use the computer and its application in solving specific problem. It involves being able to operate the computer efficiently without an aid and manipulate the software associated with it, Nwafor (2015).

Without reservation, improving education quality is a priority for most developing nations such that policy makers agree that such improvements could lead to structural shifts in productivity and boost long term economic growth. The use of ICT in the school environment can improve education and human capital development. The impact of computer literacy among science teachers on students academic performance in biology in secondary schools.

The use of computer in classroom instruction has transformed teaching and learning and has improved learning outcome and information sharing between the teachers and the students. It has supported both the teachers and students for an improvement of the teaching and learning process.

Computer literacy is of great important in education but is faced with numerous problems ranging from lack of fund for the purchase of computer and its accessories, lack of resource personnels, non-utilization of ICT for the teaching and learning process (Albert, 2015). Therefore, it is against this background that the study focused on investigating the influence of computer literacy among secondary school science teachers on students’ academic performance in Biology.

 

1.2     Statement of Problem

Indeed, the integration of computer into the teaching and learning process in Nigeria’s institutions (nursery, primary, post-primary and tertiary) is of welcome development toward improvement and advancement of education in line with the global standard. But it would be meaningless if facilities are not provided, resource personnel not available to operate and maintain them.

However, ICT facilities where available, are not used in the teaching and learning process. These problems will affect the positive impact of such technological integration in our schools.

Since the integration of computer into the secondary school system is considered as a major tool for the teachers and the students for an improved teaching and learning process. Therefore, the quest for finding answer to this question motivated this research to be conducted on the effect of computer literacy among science teachers on students’ academic performance in Biology in secondary schools.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of computer literacy among science teachers on students’ academic performance in Biology in secondary schools. Specifically, this study sought to:

  • compare the academic performance of students taught Biology by teachers’ with good knowledge of internet facilities and students taught biology by teachers without good knowledge of internet facilities.
  • examine the academic performance of male and female students taught Biology by teachers’ with good knowledge of internet facilities.

 

1.4     Significance of the Study

Firstly, this study will be of great significance to the students, teachers, curriculum planners; ministries of education, government and society at large.

Secondly, this study will contribute towards improvement of computer literacy in the state as well making provision on the impact, benefits as well addressing the challenges of such technological innovations in our schools.

School administrators and teachers of secondary schools could also find the result of this study valuable in policy formulation, implementation and importance of being a computer literate. The impact of computer literacy among science teachers on students academic performance in biology in secondary schools.

Furthermore, the findings of this study, if discussed in workshops and seminars will guide the choice of recruitment of teachers in the teaching/learning process in biology and other subject areas.

In addition, to future researchers: the study will provide a source of data for researches on this topic and other related areas.

 

1.5     Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study in line with the study:

  • What is the difference in academic performance of students taught Biology by teachers with knowledge of internet facilities utilization and those taught by teachers without knowledge of internet facilities utilization?
  • To what extent does male and female students’ academic performance in Biology differ when taught by teachers with knowledge of internet facilities utilization?

 

1.6     Research Hypotheses

The following hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:

  • There is no significant difference in academic performance of students taught Biology by teachers with knowledge of internet facilities utilization and those taught by teachers without knowledge of internet facilities utilization.
  • There is no significant difference in academic performance of male and female students taught Biology by teachers with knowledge of internet facilities utilization.

 

Definition of Terms

Computer Literacy: In brief, computer literacy is the knowledge and ability to use internet facilities efficiently in the teaching of Biology.

Academic Performance: It is a grades achieved by students in an examination in Biology.

Biology: In brief, this is the study of living things (plants and animals).

 

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