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HOME ENVIRONMENT AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

HOME ENVIRONMENT AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title Page

Certification

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgements

 

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Appendices

Abstract

CHAPTER ONE:     INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Research Questions

 

1.5       Hypotheses

1.6       Significance of the Study

1.7       Scope of the Study

1.8       Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO:  

  REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1       Theoretical Framework

2.2       Conceptual Review

2.3       Review of Empirical Studies

2.4       Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE:

RESEARCH METHOD                                                                

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of the Study

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5       Instrumentation

3.5.1    Validation of the Instrument

3.5.2           Reliability of the Instrument

3.6       Procedure for Data Collection

3.7       Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1       Answering the Research Questions

4.2       Testing the Hypotheses

4.3       Summary of Findings

4.4       Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE:

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Summary

5.2       Educational Implications of the Findings

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

5.5       Limitations of the Study

5.6       Suggestions for further Study

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background to the Study

Environment plays a significant role in human development. This is a result of the fact that children learn through interacting with their immediate surroundings. When the environment is grossly deficient in stimulation, the holistic development of the child is affected.

The environment is the sum total of all activities that hinges on man’s survival, it transpires beyond the physical location of the home but extends to norms, cultures, values and attitudes of individuals within the organization. Thus, in this way, the environment provides a variety of learning experiences for growing children (Olisaemeka, 2015).

 

However, Cooper (2017) pointed out that environment is the aggregate of the extend conditions and influences that affect the growth and development of an individual. It has a vital role to play by regulating the life of a child; when children are brought up in a particular environment. They tend to be mailded or shaped according to the factors operating in that environment.

Iheanacho (2023) believes that the home environment include the building, surrounding, parent quality and peers etc. it is very essential, the teaching-learning process. This is because the extent to which student’s learning could be enhanced depends on the condition of the environment and the location of their home and other resources.

 

HOME ENVIRONMENT AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE

Olisaemeka (2015) notes that the environment is a crucial component of student life. Learner-friendly environment will positively contribute to the success of students. He outline the qualities of an ideal environment as far as teaching and learning is concerned thus:

  • There must be standard buildings and other structures
  • There must be a manageable family size
  • There must be a well-ventilated and lighted environment
  • There must be a tranguil atmosphere devoid of noise pollution and other external distractions
  • There must be a sound security network
  • There must be communication flow between the parent and the student.

 

The home environment is a larger society that is responsible for supporting, caring for and preparing children for adulthood. It is usually the first environment of every child.

The home environment is the primary environment in which children grow and mature; it provides materials needs of food, clothing and shelter as well as psychological needs of acceptance, guidance, love and warmth for young children. This environment helps to define children’s roles in the society and prepares them for fulfilling those roles.

 

Gonzales Pienda (2012) notes that the home environment is the first source of socialization for child; Before  a child comes to school, he or she has undergone different experiences tend to sharpen the identity and personality of each child, as children grow into young adults, they may appreciate more fully the importance of the home environment in their lives.

Fakuade and Adepoju (2013) believe that the socialization process of a child starts in the home since the influence of this environment on a child is direct. This buttreses the fact that the home profoundly influence a child at the most impressionable time when his mind is most receptive that is at infancy. Home environment and students academic performance in Agricultural Science.

 

Several researchers have argued that a child’s academic performance and the home environment in which he or she grows up are inseparable also, numerous studies show that various indices including environment of the home are responsible for scholastic attainment among school children.

Dozie (2018) pointed out the home environment can either promote or stifle learner’s achievement. Different homes create environments that influence intellectual growth and educational motivation among their children in diverse way. Good homes strive to provide love, security, stimulation, encouragement and support systems that help children to actualize the potentialities. For this reason, what a child learns at home and how the family motivates, him or her toward learning will. Significantly contribute to the child’s success or failure in school.

 

Furthermore, academic achievement is directly related to students growth development of knowledge in educational situation where teaching and learning process takes place. It refers to the performance of the students in the subject they study in the school (Pandey, 2018).

In fact, academic performance determines the students’ status in the class. It gives children an opportunity to develop their talents, improve their grades and prepare for future academic challenges. Parental involvement in promoting children’s school success has been identified as a vital factors affecting students’ academic performance in schools.

In essence, parents and guardians should create conducive and enabling atmosphere in the home to foster meaningful academic atmosphere in among heir wards. Therefore, it is best on this nation that the present study is set out to determine the influence of home environment on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science in Nsit Ubium Local Government Area.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem  

Qualitative education does not happen by accident. It is a product of effective teaching and learning through the combined efforts of the government, teachers, parents, pupils and their respective homes. Moreover, many a time, the blame on the poor performance of students’ are usually shifted to the school authorities (administrators and teaches) without recourse to their home environments.

 

However, the researcher has observed that homes do not pay adequate attention to the educational needs of young children; to make matter worse, the surrounding of the home is adopted with dilapidated buildings, scarce educational materials, harsh guardians, poor lighting among others. In some cases, the rooms are poorly ventilated due to crowding of siblings and other members of the family. Home environment and students academic performance in Agricultural Science.

Moreover, Experience has shows that among secondary school student, there exists some differences which influence academic performance such as parent socio-economic status, parent marital status, family size etc. furthermore, some student are motivated by their parents through the provision of textbook other are not, while some students come to school properly fed others are not.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The general aim of this study is to examine home environment and students academic performance in Agricultural Science. Specifically, the study is aimed at the following:

(i)     To determine the influence of parents’ socio-economic status on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science.

(ii)    To determine the influence of family size (Number of children) on student’s academic performance in Agricultural science.

(iii)    To determine the influence of parents’ marital status on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science.

 

1.4   Research Questions

The following research questions are formulated to direct the study.

(i)     To what extent does parent’s socio-economic status influence students’ academic performance in Agricultural science.  

(ii)    To what extent does family size influence students’ academic performance in Agricultural science?

(iii)    To what extent does parents marital status influence students’ academic performance in Agricultural science?

 

1.5   Statement of Hypotheses  

In line with the research questions, the following null hypothesis are postulated.

(i)     There is no significant influence of parents’ socio-economic status on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science.

(ii)    There is no significant influence of family size on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science.

(iii)    There is no significant influence of parents’ marital status on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science.

 

1.6   Significance of the Study

                The study will be significant in the following ways:

(i)     Firstly, it will help the students to develop interest and show motivation for school work.

(ii)    Secondly, it will enlighten parents and guardians on the need to create a conducive learning atmosphere for the heir children at home.

(iii)    Furthermore, it will help teachers to adjust method of instruction considering the fact that learners come from diverse home environments. Home environment and students academic performance in Agricultural Science.

(iv)   In addition, it will enable the government to train and post sound guidance counsellors to secondary schools to render professional assistance to students

(v)    Lastly, it will serve as a reference material to future researchers who might investigate similar variables.

 

1.7   Scope of the Study

The study was limited to selected Junior Secondary school students three (JSS3) student in Government owned secondary schools during the 2021/2022 session. In addition, the study gathered and used data on only home environment variables such as parents’ socio-economic status family size and parents’ marital status.

 

1.8   Limitation of the study   

The study was limited to influence of home environment on students’ academic performance in Agricultural science in junior secondary schools in Nsit Ubium Local Government Area. Also, the study considered three home environment-related variables-parents’ socio-economic status, family size and parents’ marital status.

 

Definition of Terms

The following terms are defined as used in the study:

(i)     Home: This refers to house or building where one lives in especially with one’s family members.

(ii)    Environment: This refers to the totality of the surroundings in which an individual lives, works, learns and interact with other people and objects.

 

(iii)    Home Environment: This refers to the physical, social and academic space surrounding the home.

(iv)   Student: In brief, this refers to a child receiving formal education in a post-primary institution of learning.

(v)    Academic Performance: This refers to the cumulative score of a child in the school records as obtained through tests and examination.

(vi)   Socio-economic status: In brief, this refers to the family income, standard of housing, clothing, feeding and parents’ occupation.

(vii) Family Size: This refers to the maximum number of children in a particular home.

(viii) Marital Status: This refers to the state of parents’ in the home from the view-point of marriage such as single, married, divorced, separated or widowed.      

 

Conclusion

Based on the findings, it was concluded that students from high socio-economic homes performed better in Agricultural Science than those from low socio-economic homes. Home environment and students academic performance in Agricultural Science.

It was also drawn that students from small family size performed better in Agricultural Science than their counterparts from large family size. In addition, students from dual-parents families did better in the subject than those from single-parent homes.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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