Research Proposals

HEAD TEACHERS PERCEPTION ON THE STRATEGIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS

HEAD TEACHERS PERCEPTION ON THE STRATEGIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE      –      INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the Study

1.2  Statement of the Problem

1.3  Purpose of the study

1.5  Significance of the study

 

1.6  Research Questions

1.7  Research Hypotheses

1.8  Limitation of the Study

1.9  Delimitation of the study

1.10 Operational Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH DESIGN AND

METHODOLOGY

3.1  Research Design

3.2  Area of the Study

3.3  Population of the study

3.4  Sample and Sampling Procedure

 

3.5  Instrumentation

3.6  Validation of Instrument

3.7  Administration of Questionnaire

3.8  Scoring of Instrument

3.9  Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR       –       DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

OF FINDINGS

4.1  Summary of Findings

 

4.2  Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE     – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND

RECOMMENDATION

 

5.1  Introduction

5.2  Summary

5.3. Conclusion

5.4  Recommendation

References

Appendices

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1          Background to the Study

Without a doubt, effective head teachers’ management strategies create an environment that can be conducive for both teaching and learning, while ineffective head teachers’ management strategies often create chaos. Moreover, teachers are often faced with some challenges from a student or the entire class that makes them to find new ways of dealing with the situations (Sheikh, 2023).

However, the school setting has an evolving nature and teachers have responsibilities as they are required to create a safe learning environment for students. Indeed, this is an overwhelming responsibility though it is not totally impossible.

 

Teachers can enhance the success of their style when they combine them with other strategies so as to overcome disruptive behaviours such as disruptive talking inaudible responses, sleeping in school, poor attendance, cheating in exams, unwillingness to speak in the target language (Salzer and Morling. 2023).

Management is a fundamental system of organization which revolves around the head, the authorities under the watch of the head and the workforce, otherwise known as the subordinates therein. These three compartments form a system in which none of the compartments can function or succeed without the other.

The progress of any of the systems depends on the development of management system or the totality of the impact generated by the Head, otherwise called The Leader within the Management System. The role of The Heads and their subordinates, called employees can however, not be underestimated.

 

From this perspective therefore, Management is the coordination of human and material resources to achieve organizational objectives in a way that is acceptable to the society (Jasbi, 2011). The fundamental task of an effective Management depends on the degree of leadership and management strategy in the Management System. Leadership therefore, is one of the important tasks of Management which consists in the science and art of influencing people in order to achieve objectives (Khalkhali, 2011).

 

HEAD TEACHER’S PERCEPTION ON THE STRATEGIES FOR MANAGEMENT OF PUBLIC PRIMARY SCHOOLS

A primary goal of a strategic leader is to gain a better understanding of the business conditions, the environment and other aspects that identify the challenges of the future. Strategic leadership is marked by a systemic concern for the whole organization, its evolution, changing aims as well as the selection, development and maintenance of the requisite resources and capabilities to enable it to compete (Quong and Walker 2010). The right planning results in the right work structures resulting in the development of cohesion amongst team members, which results in the positive output.

An important correlate of effective performance is cohesiveness of the group. Development of alignment among team members is an important part of team management. The planning is derived from the goals and objectives of all the stakeholders of the school. The strategy on the other hand is guided by the leadership of the organization. The synergy between the two components results in the success of the organization (Nyamboga et al., 2014).

 

In schools there are the head teacher, deputy head teacher and the teachers as the school leaders. They come up with specific policies relevant to the internal functioning of the school. The head teacher is therefore charged with the responsibility of seeing that decisions made in the school are in line with the school policies. These policies have to be implemented without deviating from the overall education policy in the country (Martin, 2011).

Head teacher creates an atmosphere in which teachers are considered professionals and have opportunities to continue their professional development both within and without the school they teach in, leads teachers towards excellence. There should be a climate of high expectations in which the staff believes and demonstrates that all learners can obtain mastery of the school’s essential curriculum (Steyn & Wolhuter, 2010).

 

An effective head teacher communicates the school’s mission and vision, by persistently creating a shared sense of purpose and establishing a set of common core values among the instructional staff. There is an orderly, purposeful, business-like atmosphere, which is free from the threat of physical harm. School climate is not oppressive, parents understand and support the basic mission of the school and are given opportunities to play important roles in helping the school to achieve its mission (Rautiola, 2019).

Ozuruoke et al., (2011) study on public schools in Nigeria indicates that many head teachers have not considered their styles and types of leadership as determinants of teachers’ job performance in their schools. Hence, they further pointed out that some of head teachers seem to find it difficult to effectively administer their schools. As such, management strategies and types occupy an important position in school management in Nigeria.

 

Back home in Nigeria, there has been clear indication of the declining quality of public primary school education as a result of large numbers of pupils, a disproportionate teacher student ratio and highly inadequate financial and physical resources. This has led to the increase in private schools. The head teachers perception on the strategies for management of public primary schools.

 

These schools are a growing trend especially in the urban areas due to their growing demand among those that are seeking quality education. This is because these institutions are performance oriented owing to the increased competition among the private schools. Teachers in these schools are committed and motivated unlike those in public schools. Thus, better pay and better working conditions topping the list.

It is estimated that in public schools 1 out of 10 teachers is absent from work on any given day. That means that these schools operate with 70% of the teaching staff in any given day (Njuguna, 2023). Therefore, this study examines the head teachers perception on the strategies for management of public primary schools.

 

1.2          Statement of the Problem

Head-teacher’s management strategy has always been one of the foremost problems for teachers. The adequate control of a school organization is a pre-requisite to achieving instructional objectives and for safeguarding the well-being of pupils. Head-teachers’ management strategies are also of vital concern to pupils and parents.

There has been clear indication of the declining quality of public primary school education as a result of large numbers of pupils, a disproportionate teacher-student ratio and highly inadequate financial and physical resources. This has led to the increase in private schools.

 

It has been observed that the decline in the pupils performance in public primary schools have pushed head teachers in private schools to develop all kinds of capabilities to enhance learning and therefore, good mean scores.

Many head teachers have failed in school leadership hence many management problems related to institutional planning, human relations, discipline, instructional supervision and community relations experienced which ultimately impact on pupils ’performance. Therefore, this study examines the head teachers perception on the strategies for management of public primary schools.

 

 Significance of the Study

This study is considered significant because it would contribute to the improvement of the following:

  • Firstly, for the teachers, information obtained would give them organizational skills which provide an orderly environment conductive for increasing pupils’ behavior to learning and decreasing distraction.
  • Secondly, to the head teachers, information which is mainly based on identification of problems will assist head teachers in creating a learning environment that would lead to higher order thinking. The head teachers perception on the strategies for management of public primary schools.

 

  • Thirdly, to educational planners and administrators, it would guide them on which courses and programs they would recommend for untrained or non-professional teachers who intend to be in the profession as this would enable them be effective and achieve educational goals.
  • Also, to parents and guardians, the information obtained is applicable both in school and at home, and would guide them on which management strategy they will adopt to produce socially competent and responsible children.
  • Lastly, to future researchers, it would add to the impact of head teachers’ management strategies on behavior to learning.

 

Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, there is clear indication that head teacher’s perception on the management strategy has significant influence on effective management of public primary schools. The study noted that different head teachers adopt different management strategy at different primary schools, and each management strategy has effect on management in such school. The head teachers perception on the strategies for management of public primary schools.

On another hand, the head teachers face some leadership challenges in administering the school, and such challenges affect head teachers’ administrative capacity, staff job performance, and achievement of the school goals.

Therefore, this is because management strategies of the head teachers either motivate or discourage teachers majority of the respondents had management strategies evidenced by increased participation in decision-making, communication and delegation recognition, supervision, commanding control over other teachers in the school and the nature of the teaching profession and having realized their goal in life which was training the nation.

 

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Ikemesit

Ikemesit Akpan is my name. I am a Nigerian author. I work with projectboss.com.ng. I'm a researcher and a writer of academic research. ikemesitetukapan20233@gmail.com

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