Female Socio-Cultural And Religious Problems In Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman At Point Zero And Mariama Ba’s So Long A Letter

Female Socio-Cultural And Religious Problems In Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman At Point Zero And Mariama Ba’s So Long A Letter
Female Socio-Cultural And Religious Problems In Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman At Point Zero And Mariama Ba’s So Long A Letter

Female Socio-Cultural And Religious Problems In Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman At Point Zero And Mariama Ba’s So Long A Letter

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ABSTRACT

 The research work examined female socio-cultural and religious problem in Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman at Point Zero and Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter. Over the years, the challenges facing the female folk is that of cultural and religious problems. It is also discovered that, several cultural practices affects the females.

As examined by the two Islamic authors. The Islamic practices affect the women psychological such as polygamy in the religious sphere.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 

1.1     Background to the Study

Women throughout the world have few legal rights than men and their rights are always taken for granted. According to Chamber Dictionary;

Culture is the custom, civilization, society, ideas, values of a particular society or social groups. Especially at a particular time and the appreciation of arts, music, literature, improvement and development through care and training (327).

 

The socio-cultural practices in Africa affect female children. Debbie Neill asserts that:

Igbo society upholds the nation of manliness as fundamental social norms, violence against women is justified, African women languished on the fringe of their universe, neglected, exploited discrimination and indeed to feed lie outsider (142).

The feminist believe that women are oppressed simply because of socio-cultural practices. Their sex and they cite the ideology of patriarchy as a reason for the beliefs.  It is an intellectual commitment and political movement that seek justices for women and the end of sexism in all form.

 

Female Socio-Cultural And Religious Problems In Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman At Point Zero And Mariama Ba’s So Long A Letter

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Without any doubt, men are stronger mentally and physically than women and men are always the head of every family, but does this fact create room for the oppression of female gender?

Most important should this above mentioned problems women faced in African society and our country Nigeria deprive women the opportunity of contributing to the development of our country Nigeria? Besides, they must be very obedient and submissive. They must obey their husbands at all times and never to refused them anything even if it is not really convenient for the wives.

Therefore, the above mentioned problems concerned the researcher to write on the topic, female socio-cultural and religious problems in Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman at Point Zero and Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter.

 

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this research work is to examine the female socio-cultural and religious problems in Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman at Point Zero and Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter and further discusses the socio-cultural and religious problems in the society.

 

1.4     Significance of the Study 

This research work will be important to students of English and literacy studies and other researchers on how to solve the problems of socio-cultural and religious issue that have been existing from birth and oppression from the male counterparts.

 

1.5     Scope and Limitation of the Study

The scope of this study will be limited to Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman at Point Zero and Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter.

 

1.6     Research Methodology

The research will be focus primarily on Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman at Point Zero and Mariama Ba’s So Long a Letter as its main sources while other sources like library, internet and other work of feminist writers will be added as its secondary sources.

 

Female Socio-Cultural And Religious Problems In Nawal El Saadawi’s Woman At Point Zero And Mariama Ba’s So Long A Letter

1.7     Bio-Data of Mariama Ba

Mariama Ba was born in 1929 in Daker abnd her life was indeed eventful. This powerful woman of noble origin was very much attached to traditional values and ideas. Thus, very wary of the French way of life, influences and individualism.

Mariama Ba’s father in contrast, was a progressive man. It was he, against the advice of his in-laws who insisted on sending Ba to a “French” school and followed her progress throughout her schooling days.

However, the diverging perception of success held by her father and her grandmother. Who never more conspicuous than on this occasion. As her father, friends and neighbours were rejoicing and celebrating her unprecedented success, her grandparents were wary of all the publicity surrounding their grand-daughters scholastic achievement and very been to end her schooling there and then.

 

As a feminist, Ba’s contribution is absolutely importance to modern African studies. Since she was among the first to illustrate the disadvantaged position of women in African society. Some of Ba’s works include:

So Long a Latter” (1981)

Scarlet Songs   (1986)

La Fonction Politique des Literature Africans élites (1981).

Ba has established herself an inspiring figure for African woman.

 

1.9    Bio-Data Nawal El Saadawi

Nawal El Saadawi was born in 1931, in Tahla. A small village outside Cairo in the Nile Delta region of Lower Egypt. Her family was relatively traditional and get some what progressive. Her father was a government official in the ministry of education. His integrity as a man opposed to corruption gave El Saadawi a model of independent thinking and also taught herself respect.

El Saadawi’s mother came from an upper-class family; she died when El Saadawi was twenty five years. El Saadawi said about her mother that she would have been an early fighter for women’s rights, if she had not buried her beliefs in her marriage.

In 1949, El Saadawi entered medical school. She received her M.D in 1955 from the University of Cairo and a master’s degree in public health from Columbia University, New York, in 1966. Immediately after her graduation, El Saadawi practiced psychiatry at the university Hospital in Cairo. And eventually rose to become Egypt’s director of public health.

Since she began to write she has focused on women. Particularly Arab women, and even more specifically on their sexuality and legal status. For some times she published nonfiction, such as al-Mara Wal-Sira  Al-Nafsi (1976) woman and self-struggle. A text about women and psychological conflict and the Hidden face of Eve 1977, in Beirut. Woman at point Zero 1975 was partly based on material about women’s mental health. That she had collected at Ayn Shams University.

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My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng