Research Proposals



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1.1          Background to the Study

Without reservation, one of the aims of the English language syllabus by the ministry of education is to enable pupils, students and the undergraduates to speak, write and make presentations internationally acceptable grammatically correct and appropriate for the audience. Teacher’s knowledge of grammar and how it functions is acknowledge to contribute to effective language use.

However, Corder (2023) in his writing highlighted the important of considering errors in the language learning process. There has been a shift in emphasis towards an understanding of the problems learner face in their study of language.



Errors are indispensable to learners since the making of errors can be regarded as ‘a device they use in order to learn’ (Selinker 2022). To this end, knowing the Standard English usage enriches our understanding of the way words work and constructed, thus enabling us to vary the ways we can employ language either writers.

In the same vein, writers who intend to use non-standard English cause their readers to stop and wonder what they are much more often than those who know and use the Standard English. It should however be noted that a text with a lot of errors is full of verbal ‘road bumps’. Everyone makes a usage mistake now and then but a text with many usage errors will be much less ambiguous than the one that has few or no usage errors.

In this regard, the research work shall however, distinguish ‘mistakes’ from ‘errors’ where the former refers to unsystematic errors of learners from which we are able to reconstruct the knowledge of the language to do (Corder, 2018). The underlying assumption is that students’ errors made in grammar are systematic and classifiable.


1.2          Statement of the Problem

It is sometimes very embarrassing that the majority of our dear students in various schools find it difficult to construct simple sentences. As such, they write the way they speak. This error in writing may emanate from the mother tongue interference, use of determiners, definite and indefinite articles are strongly neglected by the students while composing their letters and other essays.

In some of the compositions written by students, some of the sentences are mere fragment that is lacking the major ingredients of a sentence which is the subject and at times, a predicate. Some of the participles/modifiers in sentences tend to be dangling.


Wrong choice of words are not left out of this problem. Here, students tend to impress themselves rather than the examiner and the reader. They lack the idea and the understanding that not all the similar words may be appropriate. These are some of the problems the students have when writing especially the students of senior secondary schools where this research work was carried out. The errors in senior secondary school students essay.

In this regard, it is a sin to an academic carrier for a student to graduate with these flaws in grammatical expressions knowing that he or she is going out to face the outside world in one way or the other. These problems mentioned above are the ugly feelings of the researcher which has compelled her to conduct a study on why students commit the blunders in essay and their daily English expressions.


1.3          Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study is to find out the errors in senior secondary school student’s essay: a case study of some selected schools. This research is also conducted in order to find a panacea to some of the causes of these grammatical errors especially when writing essay in English language.


1.4          The Significance of the Study

This study is significance in the sense that it will expose and point out the grammatical errors which some of our students make in their daily written compositions.

It is also important in the sense that students after discovering where the errors and the mistakes come in various writings and other English expressions, will be able to correct some of the grammatical flaws they make when writing.

Apart from this, the study will be of great importance to both the researcher, educationists and to the public in general. This study will at the same time serve as a reference material to the future researchers.


1.5          Research Questions

Some of the research questions underlying the study are;

  1. Does the wrong use of the parts of speech in sentences affect or alter the meaning of sentences while writing?
  2. Does the wrong use of nouns in a sentence affect the meaning?
  3. Does the mother-tongue interference affect the students when writing the English language?
  4. Does the learning environment contribute to the poor learning of the English language?


1.6          Delimitation of the Study

The researcher concentrated the study on senior secondary schools in the study area with a look at the errors in senior secondary school students essay.


1.7          Scope/Limitation of the Study

In the research work, the researcher encountered some short falls that affected the study. Some of these short falls were: financial constraint, poor responses by the respondents.


Definition of Terms

Grammar: This has to do with the rules in a language for changing the form of words and joining them into sentences.

Error: An error is a deviation from accepted rules of a language made by a learner of a second language.

Essay: An essay is generally a short piece of writing outlining the writer’s perspective or story. It is often considered synonymous with a story or a paper or an article. Essays can be formal as well as informal. Formal essays are generally academic in nature and tackle serious topics. The errors in senior secondary school students essay.

Mistake: Mistakes occur due to carelessness, wrong pattering and misunderstanding of the person which can be avoided.

Differences between error and mistake: In linguistics, it is considered important to distinguish errors from mistakes. A distinction is always made between errors and mistakes. In other word, an error is a deviation from accepted rules of language made by a learner of a second language. Such errors result from the learner’s lack of knowledge of correct rules of the target language.



The acquisition of proficiency and expertise in the use of the English language is very essential. It helps in laying a sound educational background for the learners. The English language has become now the tool for social, political and educational expression in this multi-ethnic and multi-racial country. In a nutshell, English provides Nigerians with a window on the outside world. To learn English effectively, the learners have to give off a certain amount of their personality in their culture and self-pride. The errors in senior secondary school students essay.

However, in order to guarantee the acquisition of expected language, skills and writing competence under formal institution, the school administrator should amend the school timetable and limit some of the school activities to enable the students concentrate in their learning of the English language.

The students in another perspective, should have a keen interest to acquire the knowledge and competency in the language.

Finally, the students should be encouraged using the language regularly in their daily speech as this will enhance their vocabulary and inculcate in them, the positive attitudes towards the study of the English language.


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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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