Project

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS SOCIAL BEHAVIOURS

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS SOCIAL BEHAVIOURS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE -INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Statement of the problem

1.3     Purpose of the study

1.4     Significance of the study

1.5     Research Questions

 

1.6     Research Hypothesis

1.7     Delimitation of the study

1.8     Limitation of the study

1.9     Operational definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     Instrumentation

 

3.6     Validity of the instrument

3.7     Reliability of instrument

3.8     Administration of the instrument

3.9     Scoring of the instrument

3.10   Method of Data Analysis:

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA ANALYSIS, RESULT AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Presentation of Data Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations

5.4     Suggestions for Further Study:

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

All over the country, there is consensus of opinion about the fallen standard of education in Nigeria.  Morever, parents, guardian and government are in total agreement that their huge investment on education is not yielding the desired result. Teachers also complain of students’ low performance at both Internal and External Examinations. These problems have posed a serious threat to the future of Education in our nation (Adebule, 2020).

Teachers Students and Environmental factors have been traced to be some of the factors militating against Effective teaching and learning process in Nigeria. Looking at the Akwa Ibom State free and compulsory Education, the stakeholders have also complained of inadequate facilities to gather for the pupils and the students.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS SOCIAL BEHAVIOURS

Undeniably, the teachers are, not left out. In fact, their salaries and allowances are issues of great concern which lead to strike action on the part of the teachers recently.

According to Adeyemo (2021), the classrooms are congesting and some of the pupils are seeing loitering around the street and the school environment. Some of these pupils absent themselves from school because of some obvious reasons. These constitute a impediment to our Educational progress.

Absenteeism is a serious social behavior exhibited by the pupils in the primary schools. Absenteeism is defined as a situation where the pupils absent themselves from school for reasons best known to them.

 

Moreover, these reasons can be as a result of environmental factors such as hunger (which this study will look at it as “Nutritional level of the family”, size (where parents cannot take care of their wards because of large family size) and a host of other factors. This social behavior can adversely affects the academic performance of pupils.

These Environmental factors can exert pressure on the pupils so that their interest and focus now turn to some menial jobs and hawking. Environmental factors and primary school pupils social behaviours.

 

Once these set in the child’s will now absent his or herself from school, and this will constitute “a social behavior called Absenteeism” which is detrimental to child’s academic upliftment visa-vis the nation’s Educational progress at large.

The Nutrition (feeding modes) of the family is very important in the educational progress of a child. A child who has not feed well will not be able to study at school. Hunger pangs will affect his concentration in the classroom during lesion. If this problem persists the child may take to menial jobs and thereby lead to Absenteeism (Thompson, 2022).

 

Family size is another factor that can cause the child to be absent from school. Parents with a large family size will not be able to take of the need and aspirations of the children and once this survival by fending for himself. This is a big risk that can lead to Absenteeism in school.

Specifically, educational needs (Uniforms, school fees, school lurch etc) are necessary ingredient of Education attainment of the child. But once many of these items are not there, the child will fell short change by parents. And for him to avoid shame, the child will absent his I herself from school. Therefore based on the aforementioned, this study will focus on environmental factors and primary school pupils social behaviours.

 

1.2     Statement of the problem

Without a doubt, there has been regular poor performance of pupils in primary schools in Akwa Ibom State. Pupils at this level of education perform below Expectation or average in both Internal and External (Placement) Examinations. However, this performance is visible in all subjects. Indeed, the stakeholders (Parents, Teachers and Government) at this level of Education are deeply concerned about this problem.

The teachers themselves are putting in their best in terms of teaching processes but the problems still persist. Without reservation, a careful Evaluation of the School system and the pupils’ academic performances has shown that the problem of environmental factors and social behavior (Absenteeism) of pupils are major influences to this problem of pupils’ poor academic performance. Therefore, this study looked at environmental factors and primary school pupils social behaviours.

 

1.3     Purpose of the study

Generally, the study seeks to examine the influence of environmental factors and primary school pupils social behaviours in Abak Local Government Area.

Specifically, the study is aimed at;

  1. Assessing the influence of Family Nutritional level on pupils Absenteeism in school.
  2. Examine the influence of Family size on pupils Absenteeism in schools.
  3. Determine, the influences of parental provision of learning materials to pupils on pupils Absenteeism in school.

 

1.4     Significance of the study

This research study discusses the Environmental factors and primary School pupils’ social behavior (Absenteeism) in Abak Local Government Area. The result of these finding is significant in the following ways:

(i)      Firstly, it will point out to the parents the areas to improve their children’s welfare.

(ii)     Secondly, it will ex pose various factors that cause Absenteeism in school.

(iii)     Furthermore, it will help the Teachers to know how to deal with the issue of Absenteeism as a social behavior in primary school.

(iv)     Lastly, the study will also allow the Government and School Administrators to know how to deal with Absenteeism among pupils.

 

1.5     Research Questions

The following research questions were formulated to guide this study:

(i)      Does Family Nutritional Level influences pupil’s rate of Absenteeism in school?

(ii)      Does Family size influences pupil’s rate of Absenteeism in School?

(iii)     Does parental provision of learning materials to pupils influences their rate of Absenteeism in school?

 

1.6     Research Hypothesis

The following null hypotheses were formulated to guide this study:

1.  There is no significant relationship between family nutritional level and pupils’ rate of Absenteeism in schools.

2. There is no significant relationship between Family size and pupil’s rate of Absenteeism in schools.

3. There is no significant relationship between parental provision of learning materials to pupils and their rate of Absenteeism in schools.

 

Operational definition of Terms:

The following Terms are defined as they are being used in this study:

(i)      Environmental Factors: These are factors that influence pupils’ rate of Absenteeism. These are as Family Nutritional Level as Family size and as parental provision of learning material.

(a)     Family Nutritional Level:- This is the quantity and quality of food available at home for pupils to eat before and after schools. Environmental factors and primary school pupils social behaviours.

 

(b)     Family Size: – In brief, this is the number of children a family has and gathers for.

(c)     Parental Provision of Learning Materials: These are the availability and utilization of learning material such as buying of books, uniforms, shoes, games and toys by the pupils as provided by the parents.

(d)     Absenteeism: – This is one of the social behaviours which can affect the academic performance of pupils. It simply means constant absent of oneself from school without any cogent reason.

 

Conclusion

This study has attempted into environmental factors and primary school pupils, social behaviours. It is worth nothing that the findings of this study can be generalized and be applicable to the total population of the primary school pupils in the area of study since the sample size was a good representation of the entire population.

Based on the findings of this study, the conclusions below appear to be justifiable.

  1. Family Nutritional level relates significantly with the primary school pupils, social behaviours.
  2. Family size significantly relates with primary school pupils, social behaviours.
  3. Parental provision of leaning materials significantly relates to primary school pupils, social behaviours.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102

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