Research Proposals

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION PROGRAMME

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION PROGRAMME

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgments

Abstract

Table of contents

 

CHAPTER ONE     –        INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Objectives of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Limitation of the Study

1.7     Definition of Terms

 

 CHAPTER TWO    –        REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE –        RESEARCH METHODS

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5     Instrumentation

3.6     Validation of the Study

3.7     Administration of Instrument

3.8     Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR            – DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION

   OF FINDINGS

4.1     Data Presentation and Analysis

4.2     Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE    –        SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS

AND CONCLUSION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestion for further Studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

Without a doubt, education is a factory where human beings are refined and sent into the labour market. John Locke (1982) cited in Lazarus (2014) opined that an individual is not born blank; rather, he is born raw. However, this implies that the child is born with certain potentialities that are hidden and they need education to expose these hidden potentialities. In fact, education determines the standard of growth that people will achieve.

Thus, this anchors the federal government statement that “education has been adopted as an instrument par excellence for effective national development (FRN 2014). Moreover, This triggers the government of Akwa Ibom State to introduce an educational policy that is funded through taxation or charitable organization rather than tuition fees.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AND IMPLEMENTATION OF FREE AND COMPULSORY EDUCATION PROGRAMME

Specifically, on April 3, 2013, it was confirmed that with the declaration of free and compulsory education in Akwa Ibom State, there was an upsurge of enrolment figure in post-primary institutions in the state as drop-outs and the poor of the poorest can now afford education with no cost (Lazarus, 2014).

Before the introduction of the free and compulsory education policy, the enrolment figure for students was 252, 699 and after the introduction the number increases to 861,475, in September, 2008. However, to give teeth and legal backing to the free and compulsory education policy, a bill was signed into law the “Akwa Ibom State Child Right and Protection Law 2008 which ensured that every parent or guardian should send his/her ward to school”.

 

Furthermore, according to the law, anyone who flouts the provision of the act risks about three (3) months in jail or fifty (50) thousand naira fine or both on conviction (Etim, 2013).

Undeniably, a unique component of the free and compulsory education policy is the subvention regime paid to school heads to logistics leading to abolition of all forms of levies in schools. Environmental factors and implementation of free and compulsory education programme.

One hundred naira is the payment regime at the primary schools level per pupils while three hundred naira was for the secondary level.

 

There is no discrimination in the policy as both indigenes and non-indigenes are treated equally. Another component of the policy is the payment of National Examination Council (NECO) and Senior Secondary Certificate Examination (SSCE) registration fee for Akwa Ibom State candidates in Public Schools. Also textbooks and exercise books, desks, science equipment and other accessories are provided on continuous basis (Etim, 2013).

Indeed, the environment is the physical surrounding of the students; it involves the school environment and the home environment. The school environments have effect on the students while the student is in school while the home is the first environment of the child.

Therefore, the environment has effect on the implementation of the free and compulsory education policy in Akwa Ibom State. Thus, the environment as a whole includes instructional space, spaces for conveniences, planning, materials etc.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Without reservation, the aim of the implementation of free and compulsory education policy in Akwa Ibom State was to achieve mass literacy and eradicate illiteracy by 2015 (Etim, 2013).

Environment being an important aspect of educational planning, therefore, unless the environment is in good condition, the implementation of the free and compulsory education programme cannot be done effectively. This motivated the researcher to carryout this research in other to investigate whether there is any relationship between environment factors such as provision of adequate qualified teachers, provision of learning materials such as textbooks, audio-visual materials and school enrolment and the implementation of free and compulsory education programme.

 

1.3    Objectives of the Study   

The main purpose of this research is to examine environmental factors and implementation of free and compulsory education programme. Specifically, the study intends to:

  1. Examine the influence of provision of teachers on the implementation of free and compulsory education policy.
  2. Investigate the influence of provision of learning materials on the implementation of free and compulsory education policy.
  3. Examine the influence of school enrolment and the implementation of free and compulsory education policy.

 

1.4    Significance of the Study

It is hope that the final result of the research work will help in finding possible ways on how environmental factors affects the implementation of free and compulsory  education programme in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area. However, this study will be significance in the following ways:

  • Firstly, the study would reveal the real meaning and aim of free and compulsory education programme.
  • It would also reveal the effect of environmental company education in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area.
  • The research would also serve as a reliable source of reference materials for future researcher in similar or related topics. Environmental factors and implementation of free and compulsory education programme.

 

1.5    Research Questions    

To guide the study, the following research questions were formulated:

  • Does the provision of teachers affect the implementation of free and compulsory education policy?
  • Does the provision of learning materials affect the implementation of free and compulsory education policy ?
  • Does school enrolment affect the implementation of free and compulsory education policy?

 

Definition of Terms

Learning Materials: In brief, these are materials as a textbook, audio-visual aid.

Audio-Visual Materials: These are instructional materials in the form of records tapes and summarize significant information and idea through some combination of drawing words, symbols and pictures.

School Enrolment: In brief, this is the number of students enrolled in a school. Environmental factors and implementation of free and compulsory education programme.

Teacher’s Education: Is a system of education given to teachers either in-service or pre-service programme.

 

Conclusion  

The concept of free education is a complex one. Good society begets goods life and good society is product of education. Hence, since the word “free” is to remove all constraints that may barrier a child from going to schools therefore let be the implementation of this policy.

 

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