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EFFECT OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOURS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

EFFECT OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOURS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Delimitations of the Study

1.8     Limitation of the Study

1.9     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO        –          REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Design of the Study

3.2     Research Area

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.5     Instrumentation

3.6     Validation of the Instrument

3.7     Method of Data Collection

3.8     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR       –          PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

4.1     Presentation and Analysis of Data

4.2     Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE         –          SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary of the findings

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendations

5.4     Suggestion for Further Study

References

Appendix

 

Abstract

The study examined the effect of deviant behaviours on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area. Two research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The survey research design was adopted in carrying out the research work. The population for this study consists of two thousand six hundred and eighty (2608). Students of Business studies students in all the eight (8) public secondary schools in the study area. The simple random sampling technique was adopted to select one hundred (100) students from four public secondary schools in the study area.

The instrument used for collection of data was Deviant Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) and students’ raw scores. Data collected for the study was analyzed using independent t-test statistical Method.

The results of the findings showed that there is a significant difference in academic performance of students who are truants and those who are not truants; and that there is a significant difference in academic performance of students who abuse drugs differ from those who do not abuse drugs in Business Studies in secondary schools in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0     Introduction

Most schools in the 1970s were voluntary agency schools. As at then, there was high degree of discipline in schools. Indeed, there was harmony as principals, teachers and students demonstrated awareness of their responsibilities in the school.

Parents and guardians also shared the same view of students’ desirable behaviours both at home and in the schools. Therefore, parents would walk into the school to report a child’s misconduct to the school authority for proper discipline in the presence of their peers.

 

EFFECT OF DEVIANT BEHAVIOURS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN BUSINESS STUDIES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

1.1     Background to the Study

Education can be thought of as the transmission of the values and accumulated knowledge of a society. Education also is the way the culture and tradition of the people is being presented to the students. Every child therefore grows in the society and in the process of growth the child gains empowerment through school learning.

 

Stakeholders in education industry such as government, parent, missionaries, and proprietors of schools had invested a huge sum of money and materials to ensure high performance of a student under their care (Bola, 2015). There has always been diversity in the performance of the student in secondary schools. Among them include the different levels of intelligence, some socio-economic factors, the school environment, students’ attitudes, and student deviant behaviors.

Also, the increasing rate of anti-social behaviours in the society, particularly among Nigerian youths is alarming. It has become a common phenomenon to read, hear or witness deviant behaviours. Thus, among secondary school students such as lying, stealing, fighting, promiscuity. Also, bullying, truancy, alcoholism, lack of respect for elders among others.

 

Today, deviant behaviours among teenagers have become a thing of concern to parents, teachers and other people in the society as the problem gets more serious year by year. In every society, there are sets of norms which members are expected to observe but not every member of the society abides by those norms. Members who live contrary to the set norms are referred to as deviants.

 

In spite of the good objectives for the inclusion of social studies, civic education, religious studies etc in the school curriculum. Thus, to ensure moral development of learners, the society still faces various challenges among.  Which are deviant behaviours among the students.

 

When deviance persists, especially in the form of verbal abuse of teachers, disruptive classroom behaviour, noncompliance with school rules and regulations, teachers and students cannot function effectively.

 

Ajuzie (2005) submits that deviance should be eradicated or put under control in the society. She argues further that the best a society could do in order to achieve this is to undertake application of knowledge to practical ends, through corrections, development of policies and programmes for combating crime to reform, remobilize and to treat deviants. Education is the most important tool to prevent young generation from being manipulated by these anti-social behaviours in the society.

Preventing adolescents from deviant behaviours can improve their learning progress and abilities to acquire knowledge. According to Chikwature, Oyedele and Ganyani (2016), good behaviour is essential in a school if children are to be able to fulfil their learning potential.

 

Poor and disruptive behaviour in the classroom reduces children’s ability to concentrate and absorb information and it unsettles children and causes immense stress for teachers. Persistent poor behaviour in schools can have far reaching and damaging consequences for children and can limit their horizons.

In a study conducted in Zambia, Banda and Mweemba (2016) confirm prevalence of deviant behaviours such as smoking, beer drinking, fighting, class boycotts, school riots, teacher assault, general theft, students patronizing bars, late coming, wearing wrong uniform and girl/boy intimate relationship among students.

 

Furthermore, other identified deviant behaviours include examination malpractice, improper dressing, and rudeness, use of abusive language and destruction of school properties. However, it has been observed by the researcher that deviant acts perpetrated by students in the secondary schools in Nigeria are likely to be responsible for the downward turn in their learning outcomes. Moreover, in support of this observation, Watanbe (2008) found that there is a statistically significant difference.

 

Therefore, between deviant and non-deviant students in test scores. Where the mean test scores show that deviant students achieve lower test scores than non-deviant students.

Apart from this, most of the observed deviant behaviours attract punishment can range from kneeling down, taking some strokes of the cane, suspension, manual labour among others. Such punishments waste students time and stop them from participating in learning or other classroom activities. Therefore, this research is carried out to investigate into effect of deviant behaviours on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area.

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem                                                                     

Quite often, students break into school offices and staff common rooms, with the intention of stealing textbooks, examination scripts and exercise books. The behaviors of students significantly affect their learning outcomes.

Therefore this research seeks to find out: the influence of truancy on academic performance; and the influence of drugs use on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students particularly in Business Education. This therefore leads to an investigation into effect of deviant behaviours on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area.

 

1.3     Purpose of Study  

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of deviant behaviours on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. To investigate the influence of truancy on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students;
  2. To determine the influence of drugs use on academic performance in business studies of secondary school students in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area.

 

1.4     Research Questions

  1. To what extent does academic performance of students who are truants differ from those who are not truants?
  2. To what extent does academic performance of students who abuse drugs differ from those who do not abuse drugs?

 

1.5    Statement of Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students who are truants and those who are not truants.
  2. There is no significant difference in academic performance of students who abuse drugs differ from those who do not abuse drugs.

 

 1.6 Significance of the study

This study will be of great benefits to the following people in the following ways:

  • The study will expose the students to the harmful effects of deviant on Academic Performance and thus serve as a cautionary measure for students.
  • Furthermore, through this study students and teachers at secondary school level will know. How to practically use the content of Business Studies curriculum. Thus, to instill desirable behaviour in students, correct and remold the deviant students among them.
  • In addition, the results of this study will help teachers to understand more and will find it easy to deal with different categories of learners from different homes.

 

  • The curriculum planners would benefits since it will provide a basis for them to design the curriculum. Therefore, bearing in mind various behaviour of individuals and possibly plan a realistic strategy. Thus, for achieving the objective and goals of education. Thus, society stands to benefit from this study, as there will be farewell to some of the unwanted behaviours that will tend to hinder them performance of the students.
  • Also, the knowledge gained from this study will assist the government to design policies and programs. Which will help enhance family cohesion. Thus, so the parent will be able to relate better with their children. Therefore, this will help the development of well-behaved individuals by modifying their behavior properly.
  • The study will serve as an important reference to researchers who wish to further study in this area.

 

1.7     Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered some limitations to the scope of the study

Availability of research materials: The research material available to the researcher was insufficient, thereby limiting the study.

Time: the time frame allocated for the study could not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities with examinations during the research period.

Finance: finance also posed a stress for the research work thereby limiting the study to some selected secondary schools in the study area.

 

1.8     Definition of Terms

Deviant behavior: Deviant behavior simply means behaviour that students do that goes against the standard of the society, regardless of whether the action is legal or illegal.

Truancy: In brief, this is any intentional, unjustified, unauthorized, or illegal absence from compulsory education.

Drug Abuse: refers to the use of certain chemicals for the purpose of creating pleasurable effects on the brain.

Academic Performance: In brief, this is the scores students have in business studies.

 

CONCLUSION

Based on the result of this study, it was established that there is a significant difference in academic performance of students who are truants and those who are not truants; and that there is a significant difference in academic performance of students who abuse drugs differ from those who do not abuse drugs in Business Studies in public secondary schools in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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