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EFFECT OF COVID 19 PANDAMIC ON EXTERNAL EXAMINATION IN NIGERIA

EFFECT OF COVID 19 PANDAMIC ON EXTERNAL EXAMINATION IN NIGERIA (A CASE OF  WAEC, NECO AND GCE)

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                            

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Table of Content

List of Tables

ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the study

1.2     Statement of the problem

1.3     Objective of the study

1.4     Research question

1.5     Significance of the study

1.6     Scope of the study

1.7     Limitation of the study

1.8     Definition of terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE

2.1     Conceptual framework’

2.2     Theoretical Framework

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Research Design

3.2     Population of the study

3.3     Sample size determination

3.4     Sample size selection technique and procedure

 

3.5 Research Instrument and Administration

3.6     Method of data collection

3.7     Method of data analysis

3.8     Validity and Reliability of the study

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1     Data Presentation

4.2     Answering Research Questions

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

In brief, sometimes in 2019, there was an outbreak of a viral disease (Coronavirus: COVID-19) in Wuhan, China. This epidemic recently turned into a ravaging pandemic which posed a serious threat to global public health and eventually led to the total lock-down of major cites globally, Nigeria inclusive (Lin et al., 2020). This pandemic has also led to the early closure of Schools and Citizens have been advised to isolate themselves and maintain social distancing for the fear of been infected by this deadly virus (Sintema, 2020).

 

EFFECT OF COVID 19 PANDAMIC ON EXTERNAL EXAMINATION IN NIGERIA

The advent of the COVID pandemic has not only revealed the poor state of infrastructure and facilities in the health sector of Nigeria but also revealed the reality of the dilapidation and poor funding of the education sector.

 

Aside from the health sector, no other area has suffered the impact of COVID-19 like education.While many countries have easily adapted and switched to virtual classes, in Nigeria, it is not only difficult but also impossible to open our schools virtually due to lack of facilities necessary to operate virtual classes, poor provision of the internet network, unstable power supply, high cost of mobile data and other challenges. The effect of covid 19 pandamic on external examination in Nigeria (a case of  WAEC, NECO and GCE).

Many children were out of school even before the pandemic, and even more, have dropped out due to the pandemic.The learn from home teaching method introduced by the Nigerian ministry of education to teach through radio and television is not yielding the desired result as the electricity supply in the nation is below average and the majority of Nigerians are living below the poverty line and cannot afford televisions or radios.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Due to the outbreak of the pandemic and with schools been told to close down to reduce the spread of the virus,The external examinations (WAEC,NECO and GCE) which was schedule to take place in April ,June and August respectively were been postponed indefinetly by the examination bodies.

However, these exams certify student achievement; they enable objective and transparent student placements into the job market, universities, and for scholarships.because of the high stakes of this examinations students spend, collectively,millions of hours each year cramming for tests that may have limited validity. The effect of covid 19 pandamic on external examination in Nigeria (a case of  WAEC, NECO and GCE).

Undeniably, the exams blunt the incentives for human capital generation,incentivize bad pedagogy in schools,and undermine employer’s faith in school degrees as a signal of human capital with potential macro implications for the labor market and economy as a whole.

 

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

  1. The following are the primary objectives
  2. To investigate the effect of the pandemic on external examinations
  3. To find out if student performance in this examination will be affected because of the pandemic

 

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is the effect of the pandemic on external examination?
  2. In what ways did the pandemic affect the performance of students in 2020 WAEC, GCE and NECO exams?

 

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Firstly, this study will provide an insight into the effects of COVID-19 Schools close down on the Senior Secondary School examination. Also, this study will help the administrators to ascertain the level of damages the schools close down has caused. Furthermore, the study will again be helpful for researchers, students and lecturers. Lastly, Government official, policy makers and schools administrators will benefit from the recommendation of the study.

 

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research work is aim to assess the effects of COVID-19 pandemic on external examination in Nigeria using  WAEC,NECO and GCE as a study.

 

1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Finance, availability of material and time were limitations the researcher encountered during this study

 

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

COVID 19: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is defined as illness caused by a novel coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; formerly called 2019-nCoV),

External examination: In brief, this is an examination given by someone outside a school, faculty etc.

 

CONCLUSION

The school system is established in order to provide functional learning activities to the learners thereby imparting in the learners knowledge, skills and experience that will better their lives and that of the society at large. However, the disruption of learning activities by way of school closure goes a long way in impacting negatively on the learners by removing face-face interaction between students and teachers, reducing students’ active engagement in learning activities and promoting illiteracy. The effect of covid 19 pandamic on external examination in Nigeria (a case of  WAEC, NECO and GCE).

Findings from the study revealed that the covid-19 pandemic affected external examinations thus leading to the postponement of WAEC, NECO and GCE. More so  the performance of students who were meant to write the exams. Postponement of examinations  hinges  close relationships with teachers hence might forgot learned contents. decline in study habit might lead to poor achievement in the examinations.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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