Cultural Influence on Women Emancipation in Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah and Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen

Cultural Influence on Women Emancipation in Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah and Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen

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  • Background to the Study

1.2. Statement of the Problem

1.3.      Objective of the study

1.4       Significance of the study

1.5       Limitation/scope of the study

1.6       Methodology of the study

1.7       Author’s background


2.1       The struggle for women emancipation

2.2       Roles of women in African culture

2.3       Cultural influences on women political participation




3.1       Cultural influence in second class citizen

3.1.1    Gender discrimination


3.1.2    Exploitation

3.1.3    Hardship


                                         ACHEBE’S ANTHILLS OF THE SAVANNAH

4.1       Cultural influence in anthills of the savannah

4.1.1    Gender discrimination

4.1.2    Exploitation

4.1.3    Hardship




5.1       Summary

5.2       Conclusion

5.3       Recommendations

Work cited



This research project deal with the Cultural Influence on Women Emancipation in Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah and Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen, which is the concept of feminism as worldwide theory, ideology and political movement directed at changing the existing power relation between man and woman.

Certainly, this work attempt on re-analysis of gender equality from the pre-colonial to post- colonial period and also reveal how the themes of gender discrimination, exploitation, and hardship is carefully handled in Buchi  Emaecheta’s second class citizen and Chinua Achebe’s anthills of the savannah. This works identified the sociolinguistic factors such as age, gender, religion, education, occupation and culture as factors affecting the use of language in terms of what one says and how it is concerning feminism.

In addition, it also identified the numerous forces militating against the right of African women especially in the traditional setting and blamed them on some cultural beliefs and customs which are destructive enough to keep women perpetually at the background. The paper concludes with some contemporary showcase and Meta narratives by both male and female writers like Buchi Emecheta and Chinua Achebe.


Cultural Influence on Women Emancipation in Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah and Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen



1.1  Background to the Study

When we talk about “culture” we often mean intellectual and creative products, including literature, music, drama, and painting. Another use of “culture” is to describe the belief and practice of another society, particularly where these are seen as closely linked with tradition or religion. But culture is more than that. Obviously, culture is part of the fabric of every society, including our own. Therefore, this more comprehensive approach is proposed in the definition if culture adopted at the world conference on cultural policies (Mexico,1982) and used in ongoing discussion of culture and development.

Culture is the whole complex of distinctive spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that characterize a society or a social group. It includes not only art and letters, but also mode of life, the fundamental right of the human being, value system, traditions and belief”.

Moreover, feminism exists in a rich diversity of forms, reflecting a complex historical development. According to Guerin (1992:82), this diversity has been especially important as feminists try more and more to examine the experience of women form all race and classes and cultures.


Furthermore, according to Gwendolyn Mikell, the emerging women movement across Africa is quite like it counterpart in the western world. However, they are both based on the same ideology: the ideology of the women as a sexual being. Indeed, the continent’s political unrest and cultural milieu have helped to shape this ideology. Therefore, in anthills of the savannah Achebe’s presents women ads protagonists.

Beatrice in anthills of the savannah inspires the men around her, especially as she tries to get them to mend their relationships that are falling apart. Therefore, Emecheta uses gender and sexuality to express the many ways in which society treated women and the obstacle that they had to overcome.


1.2. Statement of the Problem

Indeed, traditional gender role cast men as rational, strong, protective and decisive. In contrast, women are presented as emotional (irrational), weak and submissive. Gerdalerner quoted in lodge:

Women have been left out of history not because of the evil conspiracies of men in general Or male historian in particular, but because we have Considered history only in male centered terms, we Have missed and their activities because of history Which are inappropriate to women.(345).


1.3.      Objective of the Study

This study explores the gender, races, class and cultural experience of African women. The main argument of this study is based on the notion that even though gender oppression against women is widely discouraged and is in the process of being eradicated, unequal power relations between the sexes still lingers.

Women still suffer daily violation of their basic rights as human beings and live with the ever present experience of cultural influence. Furthermore, we shall take a look at Buchi Emecheta’s contribution in her novel second class citizen and how she has achieved her goals. Also Chinua Achebe’s anthills of the savannah will also be treated with focus on how they achieved their own feminist goals.


1.4       Significance of the study

The significance of this study focuses mainly on issues from women’s perspectives and experience, such gender, politics, education and employment. In essence, African women’s portrays their quest for emancipation from male dominance. Also, this work will serve as a reference point to other researchers.

1.5       Scope and Limitation

In this study, the scope of the study shall be limited to feminist concept in Buchi Emecheta’s the second class citizen and in Chinua Achebe’s the anthills of the savannah as touching the force militating against women’s self-actualization in a patriarchal society and how they can  and have been able to reform themselves in such society.


1.6.      Methodology of the Study

The researcher used qualitative research as the suitable research method for this study.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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