Cultural Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen and the Joys of Motherhood

Cultural Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen and the Joys of Motherhood
Cultural Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen and the Joys of Motherhood

Cultural Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen and the Joys of Motherhood

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Throughout the history of women, generally, women have had fewer legal right and career opportunities than men. Culture is the art, custom, and habit that characterize a particular society or nation. It also states that the beliefs, values, behaviors, materials, and objects that constitute a people way of life.

English 21st Century Computerized Dictionary.

“Culture is the custom, idea, values etc of a particular civilized society or social group especially at a particular time, and the appreciation of art, music, literature etc. “Improvement and development through care and training”. Chambers 21st Century Dictionary 327.

 

“Discrimination means to distinguish in everyday life when faced with more than one option”. Reuters I.

“Discrimination against women is the attitude and beliefs in relation to the female gender that, they are less important, such beliefs and attitudes are of social nature and do not normally carry any legal consequences”, Wikipedia 2010.

Cultural discrimination against women is alarming, women are agitating for gender equality and not to be prospective mothers and housewives alone, women are also agitating for empowerments, good education and good jobs for the girl child.

Cultural discrimination against women has grown even in the minds of little children; the little children have no regards to their fellow female foe. As such these children grow with the stigma of being inferior to the male children.

The women are demanding for the legal right to operate in the society. Thus, economically, politically, financially, socially, culturally and otherwise. Without affecting their motherhood and wifehood roles in the home.

 

Furthermore, the women quickly recognized and realize the pressure of cultural discrimination impose on them by African tradition. Permitting the male foes to exercise unlimited authority and emphasize the male supremacy over the female. Including politically, economically, martially, traditionally, culturally and otherwise.

In addition, the women came up with a concept that consists of the interest in the life and style of women both in occupation, societal growth and home.  However women brought about the concept to fight for her, as well as to gain independence to herself. This bold movement by women all over the world brought the realization in the path of women of her real potentials.

 

Cultural Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen and the Joys of Motherhood

1.2 Statement of the problem

The women in Africa have been victimized, discriminated, assaulted by the men as a result of cultural discrimination against women in the African society.

The female writers in Africa prove to the world by using the war tool- literature to unravel the right of the women to men. That the rights of women have been treated harshly through the awareness of uncountable achievement and contributions of the women towards the growth of the African society and the nation at large.

Exercising unlimited power on women by men obstructs the part of the women in the actualization of her potentials.

 

1.3 Purpose to the Study

The study intends to examine the cultural discrimination against women. Using the two carefully selected novels as primary data, “The Joys of Motherhood and Second Class Citizen” by Buchi Emecheta. Using the radical feminism to show the morally reprehensible behaviour of cultural practices towards women.

The study intends to create the awareness of women right. Through literary works and as well fight for her right in a patriarchy society like Africa through cultural independence.

 

1.4 Significance to the Study

Importantly, this research will help to unravel the right of women in the African society, and to stop gender inequality. Especially cultural discrimination against women by custom and tradition of the society. However this work will serve as reference point to other researchers relating to cultural discrimination against women.

 

1.5 Objective to the Study

Generally the objective of this research is to bring the aspect of cultural discrimination against women into the limelight.

This study examines the part of which women play concerning the growth of African society.

 

Cultural Discrimination against Women in Buchi Emecheta’s Second Class Citizen and the Joys of Motherhood

1.6 Scope and Limitation

The research will limit its scope on some materials from the library and the two selected novels respectively.

 

1.7 Research Methodology

In view of the research study the society at large is the key point, as such sociological approach to literature is applied critically. The novels portray the total analysis of women experience in the society. The radical feminist argues that, women’s oppression is categorized as inferior to men on the basis of gender.

Therefore the radical feminist aim’s to destroy the sex classes system and to challenge male control over women as such the two novels is a medium of instruction. Using sociological approach it actually shows that it has the purpose of teaching or giving instructions that will positively contribute to the progress of the society and the nations at large.

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