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Continuous Assessment and Academic Performance of Adult Learners in Adult and Non-Formal Education

Continuous Assessment and Academic Performance of Adult Learners in Adult and Non-Formal Education

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypotheses

1.7     Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1     The Concept of Continuous Assessment

2.2     continuous assessment and Students’

Academic Performance

2.3     Relationship between Continuous Assessment and

Adult Education Students’ Academic Performance

 

2.4     Problems of Continuous Assessment

 

2.5     Summary of Reviewed Literature

 

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

 

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Administration of Instrument

3.7     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1     Analysis of Data and Result

4.2     Discussion of findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND

CONCLUSIONS

 

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendation

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for Further Study

References

Appendices

 

ABSTRACT

The study examined continuous assessment and academic performance of adult learners in Adult and Non-formal Education in Uyo Local Government Area. Correlational research design was adopted. Simple random sampling technique was used. Thus, to select a sample of eighty (80) adult learners out of the population of one hundred and two (102) in the study area. However, plain sheets were used in collecting the continuous assessment scores and examination scores of the selected learners.

Thereafter, the data collected were subjected to statistical analysis using pearson product moment correlation (PPMC). The results of the analysis revealed a significant relationship between continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in Adult and Non-formal Education in Uyo Local Government Area.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 1.1  Background to the Study

In Nigeria and the world over, education is seen as the key that unlocks the door to modernization. For these and other reasons, it has become imperative for the authorities concerned to enforce such activities that will promotes the quality of education obtained in our society so as to avoid the situation of producing educated illiterates. However, every educational system in this century needs to be properly evaluated in order to achieve its intended goal. Thus, this means assessment is necessary in every institutions of learning.

 

Obviously, The National Policy on Education (2004) aims at making education a dynamic instrument of change which will transform all aspect of our national life. However, the abrupt change in policy necessitated the abandonment of the old British system of education for the new 6-3-3-4 system. Hence, which tends to pragmatism in philosophy (Oladunni, 2016). This change was accompanied with innovation in teaching-learning process as well as in the mode of assessment of the learners.

 

Consequently, the method of assessment of the teaching-learning process also changes from one-shot type of examination to include continuous assessment. Nevertheless, contrary to the old practice whereby assessment of learners for certification was based on one external examination, the policy stipulated that examination will be partly based on continuous assessment.

 

According to Obiako (2010), external  examinations set by external agencies were cited with many disadvantages such as over making the examination foreign to examiners. However, other criticisms made against the one-shot examination were lack of diagnosis and guidance oriented propensity. Besides, creation of coverage of content taught to the learners, high rate of failure. Also, heavy dependence on note taking and high rate of examination malpractice (Ogundeye, 2011).

However, the aim of a test given to students is geared toward guiding both the teacher and students. That is, the teacher is to discover the status of his teaching efforts, while the students are to discover the learning difficulties with a view to overcoming them. Therefore, one method of testing which can achieve the desirable objectives is the continuous assessment test which has various strengths over the conventional one-shot examination.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problem

For some times now, many patriotic citizens of our society have been viewing with serious concern the poor performance of adult learners in Adult and Non-formal Education in examinations.

The academic performance of adult learners in Adult and Non-formal Education centres in Uyo have revealed some problems such as poor reading culture and study habit of the learners, inadequate preparation and high dependence on conventional one-shot examination without taking part in continuous assessment which enable learners to discover their learning difficulties with a view to overcoming them, providing information to learners’ progress, and helping them to judge their own learning.

 

Consequently, it is on the expectation that continuous assessment could exert an influence on the academic performance of learners in Adult and non-formal Education thereby resulting into poor performance. Therefore, this study aimed to Continuous Assessment and Academic Performance of Adult Learners in Adult and Non-Formal Education.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

Generally, the main purpose of this study was to examine continuous assessment and academic performance of adult learners in Adult and Non-formal Education. Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Assess if there is any relationship between continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in English language in first terminal examination in Uyo Local Government Area.
  2. Ascertain if there is a relationship between students’ continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in mathematics in first terminal examination in Uyo Local Government Area.

 

1.4   Significance of the Study

The study will be of enormous benefits in the following ways:

  • Firstly, it will inform students, teachers and our academic institutions as a whole on the importance of continuous assessment.
  • The study will also enlighten teachers and educators on the modern techniques of continuous assessment so that they could assess the learning abilities of the learners better.
  • Lastly, the study will serve as a reference point for further researches on the similar or related topics.

 

1.5   Research Questions

  1. What relationship exists between continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in English language in first terminal examination in Uyo Local Government Area?
  2. What relationship exists between continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in Mathematics in first terminal examination in Uyo Local Government Area?

 

1.6   Research Hypotheses

  1. There is no significant relationship between continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in English language in first terminal examination in Uyo Local Government Area.
  2. There is no significant relationship between continuous assessment scores and examination scores of adult learners in Mathematics in first terminal examination in Uyo Local Government Area.

 

1.7   Definition of Terms

Continuous assessment: This is a system of assessment which is carried out at pre-determined intervals for the purpose of monitoring and improving the overall performance of adult learners and teaching-learning process.

Academic Performance: In brief, the performance of adult learners on taught lesson as determined by their continuous assessment test scores and examination scores.

Adult and Non-formal Education: This is education given to adult learners who did not have the opportunity of attending formal education when he/she was young.

Adult Learner: In brief, a person who is studying in Adult and Non-formal Education.

Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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