Research Proposals



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Background to the Study

The  roles  and  functions  of  English  language  in  our  day  to  day  activities cannot  be  under  estimated.  This is  because  of  the  increasing  usage  by different  communities especially  in  Africa where  most  of the  countries  are multilingual in nature. On the other hand, grammar, which forms the basis of constructing acceptable sentences in the language, has a significant role to play in this direction (Isah, 2023).

Concord according to Abdulmumini (2017) is  a  syntactic  feature  that establishes harmonious relationships between divergent grammatical elements in a sentence. Concord is one of the important grammatical areas of English language. It has received much attention from various scholars and researchers.



Interestingly, Communication occurs when the sender transmits (shares) a message through a medium and the receiver decodes (interprets) the message with ease. The essence of communication is the natural desire of man to express his/her opinions to others (Shannon and Weaver, 2019)

Hence, the basic purpose of this social activity is to bring changes in the behavior and attitude of the receiver.

Bamgbose (2011) points out that in every human communication, there are always two participants-the sender and the receiver of the message. The message is utterance, usually in the form of sentences (sounds or words), used to convey the idea.

In this regards, the process of communication is initiated in the brain-this is the stage of ideation when the sender formulate something one wants to say in the form of thought-frame. These ideas are then converted into grammatical sentences before they are uttered orally or in writing.

Moreover, Language and communication are inseparable. Language is surely the most indispensible tools for social interaction that human beings have at their disposal. This is because it is language that permits people to communicate.

In Nigeria, English is officially recognized as means of communication among people from the diverse socio-cultural, ethnic, religious and linguistics background. As a language of national unity, it is expedient for Nigerians to speak and writes English intelligible. Therefore, it is against, and based on this belief that the present study is undertaken to remedy the grammatical blunders common among student of College of Education Afaha Nsit.


1.2  Statement of the Problem

Nigeria, the giant of Africa is blessed with more than four hundred languages spoken by the different ethnic groups that make up the country.

Consequently, there is need for a common language that would adequately satisfy the communicative needs of the diverse people. The English language, though a colonial legacy is formerly adopted to fulfill this needs. It is a language of communication in education, government, mass media, law, business, and religion. In facts, one is greatly admired and respected if one writes and speaks English impeccably and fluently.


Nyarks (2012) argues that it is not only important to think about what to say but also how to say it. This implies that to communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well-organised ideas expressed in clear sentences; but how the information will make meaning to the listener or reader. Even with the ability to communicate, misunderstanding usually occurs.

The researcher observes that communication in the English language posses a big challenge to many Nigerians, especially students, irrespective of their literacy attainment. This may not be unconnected to learning by analogy, ignorance, carelessness, inadequate exposure to the intricacies of the language and faulty application of grammatical principles.

In a nutshell, the problem which has necessitated this study is the lack of harmony in the use of English structures among Nigerian students in institutions of higher learning.


1.3   Purpose of the Study

The primary aim of this study is to examine concord errors and effective communication among students of college of education, Afaha Nsit. The general aim is encapsulated in the following specific objectives, which are to:

  1. determine the extent to which violation of number concord affects effective communication among college of education student;
  2. determine the extent to which abuse of pronoun-antecedent concord affect effective communication among college of education student;
  3. determine the extent to which collocational concord affects effective communication among college of education students.


1.4   Significance of the Study

The study is significant for the following reasons:

  • it will help to improve the use of English for communication among students and the general public;
  • it will bring to the awareness of English language lecturers the need to treat concordial relations with the attention it deserves;
  • it will enlighten parents on the importance of enrolling their children in schools that offers qualitative education in the area of arts;
  • it will enable the government to re-train teachers and lecturers of English through seminars and conferences to keep them abreast with developments in the field of language education;
  • it will serve as a reference point for other researchers who might investigate the same variables.


1.5  Research Questions

The following research questions are posed to direct the study:

  1. Does violation of number concord affect effective communication among students?
  2. Does abuse of pronoun-antecedent concord affect effective communication among students?
  3. Does misuse of collocational concord affect effective communication among students?


Definition of Terms

The following terms are defined as used in the study:

Concord: This refers to grammatical harmony or agreement between different elements or words in sentences.

Error: This refers to the misapplication of rules that should be applied due to ignorance or failure to master the grammatical principles of the language.

Communication: This refers to the process of sharing information with the use of words, sounds and symbols.

Language: This refers to the use of words or sounds to exchange ideas and thoughts between one person to the other.



Based on the findings, the following conclusions were drawn:

(i)     Violation of number concord affects effective communication among students.

(ii)    Abuse of pronoun antecedent concord affects effective communication among students.

(iii)   Misuse of collocational concord affects effective communication among students.


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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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