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CHILD LABOUR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

CHILD LABOUR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Significance of the Study

1.5       Research Questions

 

1.6       Research Hypotheses

1.7       Limitations of the Study

1.8       Delimitation of the Study

1.9       Operational Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

3.1       Area of the Study

3.2       Research Design

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4        Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.5       Instrument for Data Collection

3.6       Validation of Instrument

3.7       Administration of the Instrument

3.8       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND DISCUSSION

OF FINDINGS

4.1  Data Analysis

4.2       Discussion of Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE:   SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS

AND CONCLUSION

5.1       Summary

5.2       Recommendations

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Suggestion for Further Study

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1  Background of the study

Child labour is a case of physical hunting, neglect, biting, beating or mentally harassing the child through incessant criticism or threats for good reason. In fact, simply put, it is the maltreatment of the child (Manly, 2015). However, child labour takes various forms, including physical, sexual, emotional or psychological abuse and neglect (Wisdom, 2019).

Undeniably, child labour is an issue of grieve concern to the counselors, school teachers and administrators, parents and government even the world over. Specifically, a child is any living human being of age between birth and 18 years.

 

However, in some homes, parents-child relationship is a source of distress and trauma which results in parents maltreating their child physically, sexually, psychologically and neglect by failure to provide them with love, care, attention and other needs.

 

CHILD LABOUR AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN MATHEMATICS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

In fact, in Nigeria, incident of child labour is common place (UNICEF, 1996: Bukoye, 2014). Furthermore, Stanley (2023) revealed that, of 8 million children under child labour in the world (UNICEF, 2016) 3.2 million were out of school in Nigeria. Without reservation, in many towns across Nigeria, it has been observes children hawking along the streets, filling station and motor parks. Child labour and academic performance in mathematics among primary school pupils.

Undeniably, even in schools, there are cases of parental failure in paying school fees of their wards and making provisions for books. There are also cases of duping of children in refuse heaps latrines and pits. Also, teachers are seen in schools beating children mercilessly in the name of discipline. Therefore, based on this background, this study aimed to examine child labour and academic performance in mathematics among primary school pupils.

 

1.2   Statement of the Problems

Despite all the efforts in the present government in Akwa Ibom State to provide free and compulsory education to all children of school age, many children of Etinan Local Government Area are still hawking during schools hours; some are sent out as house helps, while others engage in plenty jobs after school in other to cater for their physiological needs (Adasigwun 2023).

Undeniably, these prevailing situations are some kind of labour done to Nigerian children. Indeed, these set of children according to Akpan (2020) do not have time to read books after school. It is an established fait that many of such children perform poorly academically since only attention is paid to the academic pursuit (Derasoro Adasiwun 2023). Therefore, this study investigates child labour and academic performance in mathematics among primary school pupils.

 

1.3   Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of this study is to investigate child labour and academic performance in mathematics among primary school pupils. For the purpose of this study, two main objectives will be discussed namely;

  1. The various forms of child abuse
  2. How they affect child’s academic achievement in mathematics and some solution to the problem of child labour and its effects in respect to academic performance in (mathematics).

 

1.4   Significance of the Study      

The significance of this study is predicated on the fact     that, if nothing is done to stop child labour then the increasingly poor academic performances/achievement of pupils will be inevitable in education section. The child labour and academic performance in mathematics among primary school pupils.

To this effect, this pupils will go a long way to mitigate the prevailing circumstance mathematics which come as a result of child labour in the society, through seminar, presentation and crusade against child labour in the society.

 

1.5   Research Questions

The following research questions were asked to direct this study.

  • To what extend close child labour exist among primary school pupils?
  • To what extend does child labour affect academic achievement in mathematics among primary school pupils?
  • What factors are the causes of child labour noticed among primary school pupils?

 

Definition of Terms

The following terms are hereby defined to place them continually for this study:

Labour: In brief, is terms used when something is improperly used, misuses, wrongly, used.

 

Child labour: Can be defined as a wrong use of a child, it can means the unjust custom or practice that has been established by the elderly one on a child.

Academic Achievement: is the desired result of a pupil or a scholar.

Mathematics: In brief, refers to science that deals with the logic of shape, quantity and arrangement.

 

Conclusion

In conclusion, it can be said that a lot of conscious findings were made and deduced from the study. However, the findings show financial background as one factor that causes child labour in the study area. Thus, a situation whereby parents cannot cater for the children, the alternative is to send them out or engage them in any form of menial jobs or become prostitutes.

 

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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng

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