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This study was designed to examine challenges of making career choice as perceived by secondary school biology students. The design adopted for the study was expo-facto research design. The population of the study was One thousand eight hundred and three (1803) Biology students in the study area. One hundred and twenty (120) students were randomly selected and used for the study as sample size. The instrument use for data collection was a questionnaire and student examination scores.

Three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The null hypotheses formulated were analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) statistical tool. The finding from the analysis revealed that there was a significant relationship between career choice and student’s academic performance in Secondary Schools.




  • Background of the Study

Education in its broadest sense encompasses all the process individuals go through in life to develop and optionally utilize their potentials through the acquisition of knowledge, skills, abilities and attitudes that are necessary for effective living in society (Umar, et al., 2012).


In projection, it is a process that starts from birth and ends with death which means that education is a lifelong process. Education is an instrument for economic, political and scientific development of all nations (Jibrin, et al., 2012).

According to Umar, et al., (2014), secondary school education is the engine room of knowledge acquisition, a stage at which students come in contact with various subjects, which determine the field of study they will like to pursue in higher secondary school education is kind of level after the primary education and before higher education. Its position in educational system also speaks of its importance.

The National policy on Education (FGN, 2004) stated that the aim of education is to inculcate in the child, the spirit of inquiry and secondly, education should equip students to live effectively in our modern age of science and technology.



Career selection is one of the many important choices students will make in determining future plans. This decision will impact them throughout their lives. Brown (2002) describes the process of choosing a career as one of estimating one’s ability and values, estimating the skills and abilities required for success in a given occupation, and estimating the work values that will be satisfied by the various occupational alternatives available.


The essence of who the student is will revolve around what the student wants to do with their life-long work (Borchert, 2002). Parents, teachers, the society and the government as a whole recognize the need for proper career guidance and development.

Ferry (2013) reports that career choices are pivotal points in adolescents’ lives. So no matter if they are headed for work or for college, there are factors that affect their career decisions. Career development, for most people, is a lifelong process of engaging the work world through choosing among employment opportunities made available to them. Each individual undertaking the process is influenced by many factors, including the context in which they live, their personal aptitudes, and educational attainment (Bandura, Barbaranelli, Caprara, & Pastorelli, 2001).


Muraguri, (2011) states that an individual’s choice of career is likely to be influenced by several factors including personal and cultural values, family background, career expectations and career guidance. Some also make career decisions by taking the path of least resistance—for example, following a career path advocated by their parents or following in the footsteps of an elder sibling (Carlos, 2009).


In the study of career choice of Nigerian youths, Salami (1999) found that many youths made wrong career choices due to ignorance, inexperience, peer pressure, advice from friends, parents and teachers, or as a result of prestige attached to certain jobs without adequate vocational guidance and career counseling.

Therefore, the concept of career development involves the person’s creation of a career pattern, decision-making style, integration of life roles, values expression, and life-roles self-concepts (Herr, Cramer, & Niles, 2004).


  • Statement of the Problem

When considering the educational stage at which choice is to be made, secondary school is the best option. This is because most of these students choose jobs without relating them to their interest, satisfaction and capacity to cope with the nature of the job.

The problem of inferiority complex, personal confidence, self-motivation and inter-personal relationship lead to building of fellow students, this at times leads to truancy in the school. Also some students do not have self confidence in terms of keeping themselves and do not want help from other people.

It was against this background that the researcher was interested to investigate the challenges of making career choice as perceived by secondary school biology students in Etinan Local Government Area.



Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that challenges such as family factor, peers influence and role models influences career choice by secondary school biology students in Etinan Local Government Area.


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