AVAILABILITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

AVAILABILITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS
AVAILABILITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

AVAILABILITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

DISCOUNT Sales!!! Get complete material at 45 percent Discount TODAY - Pay 1350 instead of ₦3000. Call/WhatsApp 07068634102

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents      

Title Page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Abstract

Table of Contents

 

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background to the Study

1.2     Statement of the Problem

1.3     Purpose of the Study

1.4     Research Questions

1.5     Significance of the Study

 

1.6     Limitation of the Study

1.7     Delimitation of the Study

1.8     Operational Definition of Terms

 

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1     Availability of Physical Education Facilities in primary Schools

2.2     Utilization of Physical and Health Education facilities in primary Schools

2.3     Physical and Health Education Facilities

2.4     Empirical Studies on Availability and Utilization of Facilities

2.5     Summary of the Reviewed Literature

 

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD

3.1     Area of the Study

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Population of the Study

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique

 

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection

3.6     Validation of the instrument(s)

3.7     Method of Data Collection

3.8     Method of Data Analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

4.1     Presentation of Results

4.2     Discussion of the Findings

 

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS

AND CONCLUSION

 5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations

5.3     Conclusion

5.4     Suggestions for Further Studies

References

Appendix

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background to the Study

In recent times, it has been observed that physical education seems to be losing steam in almost all the primary schools because facilities are not available for teaching. Moreover, the level of success of physical and health education teaching is greatly dependent on the degree of availability and utilization of up-to-date facilities, equipment and supplies. Thus, without facilities sports cannot take place. This does not however imply that sports facility is the only variable that is necessary for sports participation, others such as equipment, supplies are indispensable complement to sport facilities.

 

Specifically, availability refers to service or resources that can be obtained in the discharge of certain function. Accordingly, Longman (2022) noted that availability is a state of making provision for a satisfactory standard requirement in terms of facilities to enhance effective instructional activity in a particular subject. In other words, availability can be defined as human and materials resources ready for use in teaching physical education in schools.

 

AVAILABILITY OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS

Undeniably, the importance of facilities availability cannot be overemphasized in teaching of physical and health education in schools. Indeed, the availability of facilities and equipment motivates the learners, increase teachers’ efficiency and promotes the productivity of the teacher. In fact, standard facilities and equipment prerequisites to good and impressive performance physical and health education facilities are immovable permanent structure which is utilized in teaching physical education.

 

In addition, Egwu (2023) noted that it is obvious that the teacher’s competency and available facilities and equipment in schools determine the coverage of syllabus and curriculum of any subject including physical and health education. The scarcity of physical education facilities could therefore constitute a big cog in the successful teaching of physical and health education.

 

Furthermore, according to Ikoja (2012), the schools’ physical and health education programme requires the availability of facilities for the attainment of the set goals.

According to Ballard, Dunn and Handison (2012) physical and health education offers the best opportunity to provide physical activity to all children to teach them the skills and knowledge needed to establish and sustain lifestyle physical education facilities is therefore of great significance to educational experiences.

 

Obviously, Physical and health education is the only subject in primary school whose goal is the total development of individuals physically, mentally, emotionally, socially through participation in physical activities. Consequently, West and Bucher (2015) assert that it is the education process that uses physical activities as a means to help individuals acquire skills, fitness, knowledge and attitude.

According to Singh (2023), the aim and objectives of physical and health education is to develop human personality in its totality. Oak (2014) noted that physical education help to instill in the students values and skills of maintaining healthy lifestyle through physical education activities.

 

Indeed, physical education activities are concerned with one’s proper adaptation to group living. It provides ample opportunities to develop traits such as cooperation, respect to others, loyalty, sportsmanship, self-confidence and other qualities which help a person to make a good citizen. To achieve these objectives of physical and health education, a well-planned activity programme, as well as adequate facilities for implementation are necessary and should be put in place. Thus, facilities and equipment availability enables successful implementation of any academic performance.

According to Offorma (2012) teaching is usually facilitated and more effective through one’s interaction with one’s environment. environment here refers to facilities available and utilized in teaching physical and health education. The process of teaching and learning depends upon the type of facilities available. Hence, the availability of these facilities help the teacher presents concepts in a way that learners can retain them permanently and can motivate students by making it more interesting. Therefore, this study aimed to examine availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

Without reservation, given the importance of facilities to the success of any given physical and health education programme. Thus, it would be expected that primary schools administrators would ensure the availability of up-to-date physical education facilities in public primary schools.

However, the prevailing problem in public primary schools is that facilities for teaching physical education are declining steadily and are not regularly maintained this unfortunate development has become a source of worry to many teachers of Physical and Health Education in schools. The availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.

 

The average physical education teacher is faced with a lot of challenges as a result of the scanty and often poorly maintained physical education facilities in schools.

However, schools where there is no physical and health education teacher or inadequate number of teachers or teacher that studied other subjects to teach physical education may affect the utilization of the available physical education facilities. Therefore, based on the mentioned problems, the study intends to check the availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.

 

1.3    Purpose of the Study

The main purpose of the study is to ascertain the availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.

Specifically, the study seeks to determine:

  1. The availability of physical education facilities in public primary schools.
  2. The availability of physical and health education equipment and supplies in public primary schools.
  3. The extent of utilization of the available physical and health education facilities, equipment and supplies in public primary schools.

 

1.4    Research Questions

Based on the problems under investigation, the following research questions were posed to guide the study:

  1. What are the available physical education facilities in public primary schools?
  2. What are the available physical education equipment and supplies in public primary schools?
  3. What are the extent of utilization of the available physical and health education facilities, equipment and supplies in teaching physical education in public primary schools?

 

1.5    Significance of the Study

The findings of this study will be significant in many respects including:

  • Firstly, the determination of the available physical education facilities in schools will be of immense benefit to physical education teachers as it will help x-ray the physical education facilities available in schools.
  • The determination of the extent of utilization of the existing facilities, equipment and supplies in the school will help the physical education teachers to carryout self assessment in the teaching of Physical and Health Education and determine whether there is need for improvement or not. The availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.

 

  • Furthermore, the school administrators will have adequate information on areas where physical education facilities are lacking or unavailable.
  • Also, it will provide the school principals with information whether these instructional aids are being utilized as they supposed to.
  • To determine whether the teachers need retraining or workshop.
  • The students will benefit from the study because if schools procure facilities for physical and health education, it will bring improvement in teaching and learning of the subject.
  • Lastly, it will provide information upon which future researchers in the areas of physical and health education facilities could be based on.

 

Definition of Operational Terms

Physical Education Facilities: Physical education facilities are non-moveable permanent structure used in teaching physical education e.g. soccer field.

Equipment: Equipment can be defined as a set of tools or other objects commonly used to achieve a particular objective.

Availability: In brief, availability can be defined as human and material facilities ready for use in teaching physical education. The availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.

 

Physical Education: This is an integral part of total education process that develops individuals mentally, physically, socially and emotionally through participation in physical activities.

Teaching: Teaching is the process of attending to people’s needs, experiences and feelings, and making specific interventions to help them learn particular things.

Learning: In brief, learning is the process of acquiring new, or modifying existing, knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.

 

Conclusion

  1. Soccer fields were available in all the public primary schools. None of the schools had hockey pitch, badminton court, tennis court, cricket pitch, swimming pool and gymnasium.
  2. Physical education equipment and supplies that were available in all the schools include: soccer balls, whistle and relay batons. The availability of physical education facilities and equipment in primary schools.
  3. physical and health education facilities and equipment that were utilized in the schools were soccer field, soccer balls, whistle, relay batons, basket ball court and balls, volleyball court and ball, javelin, shotput, discus, handball, measuring tape and first aid box.

 

DISCLAIMER: THIS WEBSITE CONTAINS A PROJECT GUIDE aimed to guide project students in writing their original project. Therefore, all information, including but not limited to, text, graphics, images and other material contained on this website are for educational and informational purposes for students, researchers and readers only. To get more useful contents on educational project or instant download of complete project material on any topic or project writing services. Reach out to us with +2347068634102

About Joselyn Nya 502 Articles
My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email: admin@projectboss.com.ng