Research Proposals

AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF LEARNING RESOURCES IN TEACHING OF BIOLOGY

AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF LEARNING RESOURCES IN TEACHING OF BIOLOGY

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Declaration

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgements

Table of Contents

Abstract

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1          Background to the Study

1.2          Statement of the Problem

1.3          Purpose of the Study

1.4          Research Questions

1.5          Hypotheses

1.6          Significance of the Study

1.7          Scope/Delimitation of the Study

1.8          Definition of Operational Terms

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY

3.1          Design of the Study

3.2          Population of the Study

3.3          Sample and Sampling Techniques

3.4          Research Instrument

3.5          Validity of the Instrument

 

3.6          Reliability of the Instrument

3.7          Administration of the Instrument

3.8          Data Analysis Technique

CHAPTER 4: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS

4.1          Analyses of Data Results

4.2          Summary of Major Findings

4.3          Discussion of the Findings

 

CHAPTER 5: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1          Summary

5.2          Conclusion

5.3          Recommendations

5.4          Suggestions for Further Studies

References

Appendixes

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Backgrounds to the Study

The availability and utilization of learning resources in teaching bring about fruitful learning since it stimulates students sense as well as motivating them. Denger (2021), in his study on science games in National Curriculum in the United Kingdom reported that games when used as a learning resources enable less able children to stay on task and remained motivated for a longer period.

However, there are varieties of learning resources which the science (Biology) teacher can readily use to enrich learning. Specifically, these resources are: wind vane, raingage, metre rule, models, f charts, preserved specimens of plants and animals, culturing equipment, herbarium, terrarium, viaticum and microscope (Olagunju, 2013). Hence, these learning resources should be provided in quality and quantity in classrooms, for effective learning process (Umoren, 2012).

Nwoji (2015) in an empirical study revealed that, essential facilities such radio, television, computer, chemicals, specimens, video tape, stove, burners, models and charts are rarely available in schools. This inadequacy of learning resources, laboratory equipments, and laboratory space has been of serious concern to educators.

 

AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF LEARNING RESOURCES IN TEACHING OF BIOLOGY

Oni (2020) also emphasized that availability and utilization of learning resources promote effective teaching and learning effectives in schools while their inadequacy affects the academic performance negatively.

However, learning resources has important role to play in the successful learning of Biology in schools as such its important cannot be over emphasized ,the used of learning resources is a sine qua non for effective behaviour change in learners (Jimoh, 2019). This is why Adekunle (2020 and Okobia (2022), opined that when students are given the chance to learn through more senses than one, they can learn faster and easier.

 

Furthermore, Iherionwu (2022) referred to learning resources as objects or device which helps to make learning meaningful to the learners. They are materials used to aid the transference of information from one person to another (Adeoye, 2022). In other words, learning resources promote efficiency of education by improving the quality of learning. It offers a variety of learning experiences individually or collectively to meet different experiences as well as encourage learners to become skilled technicians, with an endless passion for learning.

 

However, most secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria at large hardly properly equipped with leaning resources. Thus, even where some schools are privilege to have them they are underutilized (Adowoyin, 2014).

Learning is facilitated when the learners make use of at least three of the sense organs namely: seeing, hearing and touching. Moreover, learners are the makers of meaning and knowledge. In fact, it is the learning resources that makes learners experience what is being learnt and’ thereby helps to fire the imagination of the learners.

In spite of the role of learning resources in facilitating learning, students have files to acquire the needed knowledge and skills in Biology. Therefore, this study aimed to examine availability and utilization of learning resources in teaching of biology in secondary schools.

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Over the years, the investigations of the factors that influence Biology teaching in secondary schools have attracted the interest and concerns of teachers, counselors, psychologist, researchers and school administrators in Nigeria. This is because of the public outcry concerning the ineffective teaching of Biology and high rate of students’ failure in Biology examination.

Investigations of factors that influence teaching and learning of Biology have produced several findings by researchers. Most of the findings have revealed that ineffective teaching/learning of Biology and high rate of students’ failure is cause by non-availability and ‘non-utilization of suitable learning resources in schools.

Hence, the aforementioned problems has given room to the researcher to investigate the availability and utilization of learning resources in teaching of biology in secondary schools.

 

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study was to examine availability and utilization of learning resources in teaching of biology in secondary schools. Specifically, the Study Seek to:

  1. Determine the extents to which learning resources are available to the learner in the teaching of Biology in secondary schools.
  2. Examine how often Biology teachers’ utilize the available resources for the learning of biology in secondary -schools.

 

1.4 Significance of the Study

This study will be beneficiary to teachers/students, school management/government and policy makers/curriculum planners in the following areas:

  • Firstly, the study will help school management including the governments to identify the need for learning resources in teaching and process.
  • Secondly, the study will aid policy makers and curriculum planners to make compulsory and encourage the availability and utilization of learning resources for biology teaching and learning process. Availability and utilization of learning resources in teaching of biology in secondary schools.
  • The study will help teachers to identify the needs to utilized learning resources during Biology teaching.
  • The study will also help policy makers to get information from the research to know the area of need of learning resources so as to communicate the findings to necessary quarters for action.

 

1.5 Research Questions

Based on the purpose of the study, the following questions were formulated to guide the study:

  1. To what extent are the learning resources available for teaching of Biology in secondary schools?
  2. How often do the Biology Teachers make use of available learning resources for the teaching of Biology in secondary schools?
  3. Does the availability and utilization of learning resources influence effective teaching of Biology in secondary schools?

 

1.6 Limitation of the Study.

The study has some limitations such as:

  1. Financial Constraint: high cost of transportation in visiting the selected schools, pose a serious challenge to the researcher.
  2. Limited Time: During the cause of the study the researcher have to spend enough time in completion of the study.

 

Definition of Terms

Availability: Is a state  of something to be accessed or used.

Utilization: This is the process of using something, especially for a practical purpose.

Learning Resources: In brief, these are equipment or materials that make learning more effective or efficient.

Teaching: In brief, this is the activities of instructing the learners through imparting knowledge or skills to them.

Biology: This is the Scientific Study of life and structure of plants and animals.

Secondary Schools: These are schools for young students between the age of eleven to sixteen (11-16) or eighteen to twenty One (18-21), coming after primary schools and before tertiary institution.

 

Conclusion

Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions were drawn:

  • Learning resources are available for teaching of Biology in secondary schools.
  • Biology teachers make use of available learning of resources for teaching of Biology in secondary schools.

 

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Peter Hezekiah

I am Peter Hezekiah, a Nigerian. A graduate of Economics/Education. I'm the Editor in projectboss.com.ng (A online company that deals with writing of final year project and provision of project materials of any topic to final year project students). My personal email is lawsonpeter10@gmail.com. My personal number; +2347068634102

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