Research Proposals



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Title Page


Approval Page




Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Appendices



1.1       Background to the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Research Questions


1.5       Hypotheses

1.6       Significance of the Study

1.7       Scope of the Study

1.8       Definition of Terms



2.1       Theoretical Framework

2.2       Conceptual Review

2.3       Review of Empirical Studies

2.4       Summary of Literature Review


CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD                                                                

3.1       Research Design

3.2       Area of the Study

3.3       Population of the Study

3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique


3.5       Instrumentation

3.5.1    Validation of the Instrument

3.5.2           Reliability of the Instrument

3.6       Procedure for Data Collection

3.7       Method of Data Analysis



4.1       Answering the Research Questions

4.2       Testing the Hypotheses

4.3       Summary of Findings

4.4       Discussion of Findings



5.1       Summary

5.2       Educational Implications of the Findings

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

5.5       Limitations of the Study

5.6       Suggestions for further Study






1.1   Background to the Study

In the contemporary global landscape, the pivotal role of education in fostering national development is widely recognized. This is particularly pertinent for emerging economies such as Nigeria, where the business sector has played a crucial role in driving economic activities. Consequently, understanding the relevance and efficacy of business education in contributing to the development of Nigeria has become an imperative area of inquiry.

The Ashby (1960) in Osuala (2014) found there was a lack of trained manpower such as secretaries, bookkeepers and accountants as well as other types of clerical personnel to fill critical positions in the public and private sectors of the Nigerian economy.

Similarly, the Dike (1961) in Olorunmolu (2010) noted the urgent need for increase in the output of trained copy typist, secretaries and numerous other office workers. The later Report observed the growth in the trade and commerce sector of Nigeria and advocated a systematic plan for training the right type of personnel through business education, to cope with the rapidly expanding economic activities of the country.



Furthermore, Aluwon (2010) emphasized that Business education is a programme of instruction which consists of two parts: Office and vocational education programme. Also Business education is seen, as a programme to provide students with information and competencies which are required by all concern in managing personal business affairs and in using the services of the business.

In Nigeria, private indigenous proprietors as well contribute greatly in introducing business education. Records also have it that, private business schools date’s as far back as 1930s. Joseph and Esther (2012) established that the first private business school in Eastern Nigeria at Onitsha was established in 1936. The aim of establishing this school was to provide sound business education and arouse the enthusiasm of youth in commerce.


However, the educational landscape in Nigeria has undergone significant transformations, reflecting an increasing emphasis on business-related disciplines. The proliferation of business education institutions, spanning both secondary and tertiary levels, underscores the acknowledgment of the sector’s significance in equipping individuals with the requisite skills and knowledge essential for success in the dynamic business environment. Scholars posit that a comprehensive business education not only enhances graduates’ employability but also cultivates an entrepreneurial mindset, a pivotal factor for economic growth and sustainability (Ajayi & Ojo, 2018).

Furthermore, the 21st-century global economic integration and technological advancements have heightened the demand for a workforce with a solid foundation in business-related disciplines. A survey of relevance of business education in development of Nigeria.


Consequently, as Nigeria strives to position itself competitively on the global stage, aligning education with the demands of the contemporary business landscape becomes imperative. Moreover, research suggests that nations with a robust business education framework are better positioned to adapt to economic changes, foster innovation, and attract foreign investments (Okeke & Onyeizugbe, 2019).

In fact, the socio-economic challenges confronting Nigeria, including unemployment, poverty, and economic inequality, underscore the urgency of evaluating the impact of business education on national development. Thus, the ability of business education to bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge and practical application is a critical aspect that warrants exploration. Through an exhaustive review of existing literature, this study seeks to provide insights into how business education contributes to the development of human capital and, consequently, the overall socio-economic development of Nigeria.

Moreover, comprehending the perspectives of key stakeholders, encompassing educators, students, employers, and policymakers, is crucial in assessing the effectiveness and relevance of business education. By exploring these diverse viewpoints, the study aspires to identify potential gaps in the current business education system and propose recommendations for enhancements aligned with the nation’s development goals.

In addition to its significance in equipping individuals with essential skills and fostering an entrepreneurial mindset, business education in Nigeria serves as a crucial driver of economic development by addressing the evolving demands of the business landscape. The dynamism of global markets necessitates a workforce with a deep understanding of contemporary business practices, and business education plays a pivotal role in meeting this requirement.


Moreover, as technology continues to reshape industries, the integration of digital literacy and cutting-edge business strategies within the curriculum becomes imperative for preparing students to navigate the complexities of the modern business environment (Adewale & Adekoya, 2020).

Nigeria, like many other developing nations, grapples with the challenge of translating educational investments into tangible economic outcomes. Understanding the mechanisms through which business education contributes to economic development is crucial for policymakers seeking to optimize educational resources. By examining the impact of business education on employment rates, income levels, and the overall economic productivity of graduates, this study aims to provide empirical insights that can inform strategic decisions for the enhancement of business education in the country (Okoye, 2017).


Furthermore, the study seeks to explore the role of business education in promoting sustainable development practices. Indeed, as the global community increasingly emphasizes the importance of sustainable business practices, incorporating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) principles into business education becomes imperative. Hence, investigating the extent to which business education programs in Nigeria integrate sustainability concepts can shed light on the potential contribution of educated professionals to sustainable economic development (Izang & Anaja, 2018).

Hence, the holistic exploration of business education’s impact on economic development in Nigeria extends beyond its immediate effects on individual graduates.

However, by examining its role in meeting the demands of the evolving business landscape, contributing to economic productivity, and fostering sustainable and socially responsible practices, this study aims to provide a nuanced understanding of the multifaceted contributions of business education to the broader development goals of Nigeria. Therefore, this study focused on a survey of relevance of business education in development of Nigeria.


1.2   Statement of the Problem

Undeniably, in the current context of escalating unemployment in Nigeria, the expanding landscape of business education necessitates urgent scrutiny to assess its efficacy in addressing the pressing challenges of the nation’s job market. Despite the proliferation of business education institutions and the emphasis on cultivating employability skills, there is a discernible gap in understanding how business education directly impacts unemployment rates and income disparities.


Without reservation, the urgency of this investigation is underscored by the need to bridge this knowledge gap and provide insights into how business education can play a pivotal role in ameliorating the prevailing unemployment crisis.

Furthermore, as technological advancements continue to reshape industries, the relevance of business education in equipping graduates with digital literacy and contemporary business strategies becomes paramount. However, the observed mismatch between the skills acquired through business education and the requirements of the evolving job market adds urgency to exploring ways in which the curriculum can be aligned with the demands of the current business landscape.

Additionally, in light of the global emphasis on sustainable business practices, investigating the incorporation of environmental, social, and governance principles in business education gains significance. Therefore, this study aimed to examine a survey of relevance of business education in development of Nigeria.


1.3    Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study focused on a survey of relevance of business education in development of Nigeria. Specifically, the study aimed to:

  1. examine the impact of business education on skills development for self reliance.
  2. examine the relevance of business education in job creation.
  3. examine the structure of business education programme on manpower development in Nigeria.


1.4    Significance of the Study

The study will be of importance in the following ways:-

  • This study will provide crucial insights for policymaking, offering evidence-based recommendations to align business education with Nigeria’s development goals, particularly in addressing pressing unemployment challenges.
  • Secondly, the study will be as a guide to the refinement of business education programs, ensuring they align with Nigeria’s current development needs. Thus, this focus enhances graduates’ competencies, contributing directly to the nation’s economic growth and sustainability. A survey of relevance of business education in development of Nigeria.


  • The study will be useful because its exploration of business education’s role in imparting digital literacy and contemporary business skills is essential for strategic workforce development, particularly in adapting to Nigeria’s evolving economic landscape.
  • Furthermore, the study will contributes to long-term socio-economic sustainability aligned with Nigeria’s development aspirations.
  • Lastly, the study will serve as a reference point or material for other researchers who may like to carry out research on the similar topic.


1.5   Research Questions

The following research questions were raised to guide the study.

  1. How does business education programme affects skills development for self reliance?
  2. How does business education promote job creation in Nigeria?
  3. How does the structure of business education programme improved manpower development in Nigeria?


1.6   Research Hypotheses

The following null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance.

  1. There is no significant relationship between business education programme and skills development for self reliance.
  2. There is no significant relationship between business education and job creation in Nigeria.
  3. There is no significant relationship between business education and manpower development in Nigeria.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The researcher encountered some limitations to the scope of the study

Availability of research materials: The research material available to the researcher was insufficient, thereby limiting the study. A survey of relevance of business education in development of Nigeria.

Time: the time frame allocated for the study could not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities with examinations during the research period.

Finance: finance also posed a stress for the research work thereby limiting the study to some selected secondary schools in the study area.


Operation Definitions of Terms:

The following concepts are defined as they are applied in the study.

Business Education: Business education refers to the academic discipline that encompasses the teaching of business-related subjects. It is designed to equip individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary to succeed in various business environments.

Development: In brief, development can be defined as the process of growth, change, and progress over time. It encompasses various aspects such as economic, social, cultural, and personal development.



In conclusion, the survey affirms the pivotal role of business education in Nigeria’s development. However, respondents unanimously acknowledge its positive impact on practical skills for professional self-reliance and its relevance in fostering job creation.

Despite identified challenges in curriculum alignment and theoretical application, the consensus highlights the imperative of continuous refinement to meet the dynamic needs of Nigeria’s evolving economic landscape.

Based on the findings of this study, the following conclusions were reached.

  1. Firstly, there is significant relationship between business education programme and development of skills for self-reliance.
  2. Secondly, there is significant relationship between business education and job creation Nigeria.
  3. Lastly, there is significant relationship between business education programme and manpower development in Nigeria.


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Joselyn Nya

My Name is Joselyn Nya A Publisher in Project Boss Team. I'm a Nigerian I'm a graduate/Educational Researcher. Project Boss Team. We are the best for Project materials and project writing services. Email:

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